Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 4.2 (November 2017)

Page No.: 4595-4599

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2017.406


Ankur Z Zalawadia 1, Dhara H Parekh *2, Shailesh M Patel 3.

1 Associate Professor, Dept. of Anatomy, Govt. Medical College, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India.

*2 Assistant Professor, Dept. of Anatomy, Govt. Medical College, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India.

3 Professor and Head, Dept. of Anatomy, Govt. Medical College, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India.

Corresponding Author Address: Dr. Dhara H Parekh, B-303, Leela Shanti Heights, Iscon Mega City, Opp. Victoria Park, Bhavnagar-364002, Gujarat, India. Mo. No.: +919428009961 E-Mail: pulkitdhara@gmail.com


Introduction: Lower end of femur is major component of knee joint. Accurate morphometric anatomical data of the lower end of femur and gender morphometric differences are very important to make design of total knee joint replacement and internal fixation material. Knee prosthesis made based on morphometric data of components of knee (femur and tibia) and according to gender will give better results in early mobility as well as fewer complications.

Aim: Present study was done to find out sexual dimorphism in lower end of femur as well as differences between morphometric data of lower end of femur between other populations of world and within India.

Materials and Methods: For the present study the material consisted of 120 dry femur of known gender were used. Out of them 60 were of male (30 of right side and 30 of left side) and 60 were of female (30 of right side and 30 of left side). We have selected six metrical parameters 1. Bicondylar width (BCW), 2. Medial condylar antero-posterior distance (MCAPD), 3. Lateral condylar antero-posterior distance (LCAPD), 4. Medial condylar transverse distance (MCTD), 5. Lateral condylar transverse distance (LCTD) and  6. Intercondylar notch width (ICW)  for the present study based on which the prosthesis for knee joint replacement surgery is made.

Results: All six parameters which are chosen are found significantly larger in male than females. The findings are smaller than Caucasian population and found larger than other population of Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal.

Conclusion: Present study provides data of measurement of lower end of femur by direct observation which will be useful to select correct prosthesis according to measurements. We have also provided data for gender wise and on right and left side which will improve the longitivity of prosthesis, increased mobility and lifestyle of patient after knee replacement surgery.

Key words: Dry Femur, Lower End, Morphometry, Knee Prosthesis.


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Cite this article: Ankur Z Zalawadia, Dhara H Parekh, Shailesh M Patel. MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF LOWER END OF DRY FEMUR IN GUJARAT REGION AND ITS CLINICAL IMPLICATION. Int J Anat Res 2017;5(4.2):4595-4599. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2017.406