Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 4.2 (November 2017)

Page No.: 4585-4589

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2017.402


Priya S Patil *1, Jaydeep N Pol 2, Ashalata D Patil 3.

*1 Associate Professor, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Medical College & Hospital, Sangli, Maharashtra, India.

2 Consultant Pathologist, Mahatma Gandhi Oncopathology Center, Miraj, Maharashtra, India.

3 Professor, Department of Anatomy, DY Patil Medical College, Kolhapur,  Maharashtra, India.

Address for Correspondence: Dr. Priya S Patil,   Associate Professor, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Medical College & Hospital, Sangli, Maharashtra, India.  E-Mail: drpriyapatil22@gmail.com


Background: Cancer is a rapidly growing health problem in both developed and developing countries. In the diagnosis and prognosis of breast cancer tumour markers are routinely used. However 10-20% of breast cancers test negative for hormone receptors [ER, PR] as well as HER2 and are labelled as Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC). TNBCs’ show a higher histological grade, metastasize and recur after treatment with lower five-year survival rates. Cancer genetics is the study of oncogenes and tumour suppressor genes. The tumour suppressor gene p53 called as the guardian of the genome plays its own role in such cancers. When mutation occurs in p53 it affects multiple oncogenic processes. Current study focuses on triple negative breast cancers and the study of cancer critical tumour suppressor gene p53 in TNBC by immunohistochemistry.

Materials and Methods: In collaboration with oncopathology center the study was conducted in the department of Anatomy for a period of two years. All the cases of carcinoma breast were included and retrospectively reviewed for histological grade, hormone and HER2 status. The TNBCs’ were stained further for p53 by Immunohistochemistry in the department of Anatomy.

Results and Conclusion: In the current study the incidence of TNBCs’ was 23 %. Out of total TNBCs’ 27 % were p53 positive and all of them were diagnosed at an earlier age. The histological grade of all p53 positive TNBCs’ was grade III which showed statistical significance. The p53 positive TNBCs’ definitely need aggressive treatment with close follow up.

Key words: Tumour suppressor gene p53, triple negative breast cancers, TNBC.


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Cite this article: Priya S Patil, Jaydeep N Pol, Ashalata D Patil. ROLE OF TUMOUR SUPPRESSOR GENE P53 IN TRIPLE NEGATIVE BREAST CANCER. Int J Anat Res 2017;5(4.2):4585-4589. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2017.402