Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 4.1 (October 2017)

Page No.: 4519-4522

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2017.383


Sheeja balakrishnan.

Assistant Professor, Govt Medical College, Palakkad, Yakkara, Kerala, India.

Address for Correspondence: Dr. Sheeja balakrishnan, Assistant Professor, Govt Medical College, Palakkad, Yakkara, Kerala, India. E-Mail: sheejabkrishna@gmail.com


Introduction: Mandible is the largest and strongest bone of the face. Muscles of mastication are attached to the mandible. It is   the only movable bone of the skull in human. Mandible consist of two process the coronoid and the condyloid  process. The condyloid processes articulates with the Mandibular  fossa of the temporal bone to form Temporomandibular joint.

Aim of the study: To observe the variation in the Condyloid process in relation to shape side, age and sex.

Materials and Methods: 150 dry mandible taken from various  Medical colleges of palakkad. After screening the exclusive criteria detailed study of the condyloid process of the mandible is done. Divided into males and females based on the criteria. The length, width and longitudinal Axis is measured and the changes are correlated with age and sex of the mandible

Results and discussion: The size of the condyloid process was measured. Variations in the length were not found between males and females. The condyloid   process   of both side found to almost similar length in young. The angle of mandible is measured with the help of divider and protractor. The angle of mandible changes with age, sex and dental status of the individual. In the present study the Axis of Inclination of condyloid process was measured with the help of protractor and divider. This is found to be less than or equal to   the angle of the mandible in young. The angle of mandible is equal to the axis of inclination in the adult mandible. The Axis of inclination is greater than the angle of the mandible in old age. The above data provided by the present study will be help full for both dental and maxillofacial reconstruction

Conclusion: A study on the condyloid process of the mandible shows the length of the condyloid processes shows variation in the length. A normal variation of the condyloid process morphology occurs with age, force of occlusion and malocclusion between right and left side. It was found the right condyloid process is shorter than the left in   both males and females. This is compared with the Angle of the mandible. It was found the Angle of mandible is greater or equal  than the Axis   of inclination in young mandible. The axis  of inclination is equal to the angle of mandible in adult mandible and is greater than angle of mandible  in old.

Key word: Angle of mandible, condyloid process, Axis of inclination.


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Cite this article: Sheeja balakrishnan. ASTUDY OF CONDYLOID PROCESS OF THE MANDIBLE CORRELATING WITH THE AGE AND GENDER. Int J Anat Res 2017;5(4.1):4519-4522. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2017.387