Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 2.3 (June 2017)

Page No.: 3997-4001

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2017.239


Veena S. Harwalkar *, Samreen Panjakash.

Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Al Ameen Medical College and Hospital, Karnataka, India.

*Corresponding Author: Dr. Veena S. Harwalkar, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Al Ameen Medical College and Hospital, Vijayapur-586 108, Karnataka, India. Mobile: +91- 9035061601 E-Mail: veena3447@gmail.com


Background: Several studies have observed an inverse association between height and risk for coronary disease, although the reasons for the association remain unclear. Data on the relation between stature and coronary artery disease (CAD) is more limited.

Objective: To elucidate the relationship of simple anthropometric index (height) with coronary artery disease

Materials and Methods: Two hundred subjects (100 cases and 100 controls) aged between 20-60 years were included in this study. Height was measured using a graduated tape attached to the wall. Subjects who have been diagnosed to have CAD in any form were selected in the study as cases (Group I). To diagnose CAD, a supportive investigation like lipid profile was taken. Subjects who have attended general outpatient department but without proven CAD were selected in the study as controls (Group II).

Results: Age distribution was non-significantly more in Group I when compared to Group II with p=0.431. Males were significantly more in Group I when compared to Group II with p = 0.048. Height distribution was significantly less in Group I when compared to Group II with p=0.001. Abnormal lipid profile was significantly more in Group I compared to Group II with p = <0.001.

Conclusion: Anthropometric variable height in both genders was significantly affected in subjects with coronary risk factors. The relationship between short stature and CAD appears to be more prominent.

Keywords: Height, coronary artery disease, short stature.


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Cite this article: Veena S. Harwalkar, Samreen Panjakash. A STUDY ON RELATIONSHIP OF STATURE TO CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE RISK FACTORS IN CASES AND CONTROLS. Int J Anat Res 2017;5(2.3):3997-4001. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2017.239