IJAR.2017.181

Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 2.2 (May 2017)

Page No.: 3796-3799

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2017.181

THE SYLOID PROCESS: MORPHOMETRY AND ITS CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS IN COSTAL REGION OF ANDRAPRADESH, INDIA

Supriya Garapati 1, Ch. Santhi 2, Pentyala Suneetha 3.

*1 Associate professor, Department of Anatomy, MNR Medical College, Sangareddy, Telangana, India.

2 Assistant professor, Department of Anatomy, Narayana Medical College, Nellore, AndraPradhesh, India.

3 professor, Department of Radiology, Narayana Medical College, Nellore, AndraPradhesh, India.

Address for correspondence: Dr. Supriya Garapati, Associate professor, Department of Anatomy, MNR Medical College, Sangareddy, Telangana, India. E-Mail: garapati.supriya13@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Objective: Styloid process is a slender bony projection, pointing downwards from the temporal bone. An elongated styloid process can compress the vital vessels and nerves close to it. Aim of the present study was to emphasize the styloid process morphometry and its clinical importance in study population

Materials and Methods: Styloid process of temporal bone was studied by using 52 three dimensional CT scans of both sexes.

Results: The mean length of the styloid process on right and left side was 3.15± 0.52cm, 3.03 ± 0.55 cm. The mean width of the right and left styloid process was 0.74 ± 0.17 cm, 0.72 ± 0.19 cm. The mean medial angulation of right and left styloid process was 61.5° ± 8.17°, 61.6° ± 6.29° respectively.

Conclusion: Morphometric evaluation of the styloid process is clinically important because of its closeness to important neurovascular structures. Data obtained from the present study may useful for physicians, surgeons, radiologists, otorhinolaryngologists, dentists and for anatomists as an academic interest.

KEY WORDS: Styloid process, Eagle syndrome, elongated styloid process, CT scan.

REFERENCES

  1. Fe´Lix Jesu´ S De Paz, Cristina Rueda,  Mercedes Barbosa, Mari´A Garci´A, And Juan Francisco Pastor. Biometry and statistical analysis of the styloid process , the anatomical record. 2012;295:742-747.
  2. Scaf g, freitas dq, loffredo lde c. diagnostic reproducibility of the elongated styloid process.J appl oral sci. 2003;11:120–4.
  3. Zaki hs, Greco cm, Rudy te, Kubinski ja. Elongated styloid process in a temporomandibular disorder sample: prevalence and treatment outcome. J prosthet dent. 1996;75:399–405
  4. Bozkir MG, Boga H, Dere F. The evaluation of elongated styloid process in panoramic radiographs in edentulous patients.J med sci. 1999; 29:481–5.
  5. Surekha d Jadhav; sarita R Margum. Ossification of stylohyoid ligament and its clinical significance: case report. asian journal of biomedical and pharmaceutical sciences; 04 (33); 2014; 24-26.
  6. Slavin KV. Eagle syndrome: entrapment of the glossopharyngeal nerve. case report on review of the literature J. Neurosurg 2002;97(1):216-218.
  7. Messer EJM, Abramson AM. The styloid process syndrome. J Oral Surg.1975;33:664-667.[PubMed]
  8. Monsour pa, Yougn wg. Variability of the styloid process and stylohyoid ligament in panoramic radiographs. Oral surg oral med oral pathol 1986; 61:522-26.
  9. Winkler S, Sammartino FJ, monari JH. Stylohyoid syndrome. oral surg oral med oral pathol 1981;51:215-17
  10. Keur JJ, Campbell JP, Mccarthy JF, Ralph WJ. The clinical significance of the elongated styloid process. Oral surg oral med oral pathol 1986; 61:399-404.
  11. Steinmann ep. Styloid syndrome in absence of an elongated process. acta otolaryngol 1968; 66:347-56.
  12. Eagle WW. Symptomatic elongated styloid process; report of two cases of styloid process-carotid artery syndrome with operation.Arch Otolaryngol. 1949;49:490–503.[PubMed]
  13. Casale M, Rinaldi V, Quattrocchi C, Bressi F, Vincenzi B,Santini D, et al. atypical chronic head and neck pain: don’t forget eagle’s syndrome. eur rev med pharmacol sci 2008, mar-apr; 12(2):131-33.
  14. Kaufman Sm, Elzay Rp, Irish Ef. Styloid process variation. Radiologic and clinical study. arch otolaryngol 1970;91:460-63.
  15. Langlais R. P., Miles D. A., Van Dis M. L. Elongated and mineralized stylohyoid ligament complex: a proposed classification and report of a case of eagle’s syndrome.Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology. 1986;61(5):527–532. doi: 10.1016/0030-4220(86)90400-7. [pubmed] [cross ref]
  16. Winkler s., sammartino f. j., sr., sammartino f. j., jr., monari j. h. stylohyoid syndrome. Report of a case.Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology. 1981;51(2):215–217. doi: 10.1016/0030-4220(81)90043-8. [pubmed] [cross ref]
  17. Kawai T., Shimozato K., Ochiai S. Elongated styloid process as a cause of difficult intubation.Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery. 1990; 48(11):1225–1228. doi: 10.1016/0278-2391(90)90544-c. [pubmed] [cross ref]
  18. Ghafari R, Dalili Z, Abdolahpur S. A study on the frequency of elongated styloid process and eagle’s syndrome among patients admitted to guilan dental school clinic (2005-2006)j isfahan dent sch. 2010;6:108–15.
  19. Scaf G, Freitas Dq, Loffredo Lde C. Diagnostic reproducibility of the elongated styloid process.J appl oral sci. 2003;11:120–4. [pubmed]
  20. Okabe S, Morimoto Y, Ansai T, Yamada K, Tanaka T, Awano S, et al. clinical significance and variation of the advanced calcified stylohyoid complex detected by panoramic radiographs among 80-year-old subjects.dentomaxillofac radiol. 2006;35:191–9. [pubmed]
  21. Correll rw, jensen jl, taylor jb, rhyne rr. Mineralization of the stylohyoid-stylomandibular ligament complex. A radiographic incidence study. Oral surg oral med oral pathol. 1979;48:286–91. [pubmed]
  22. Keur jj, campbell jp, mccarthy jf, ralph wj. The clinical significance of the elongated styloid process. Oral surg oral med oral pathol. 1986;61:399–404. [pubmed]
  23. Mohammed Asif Shaik,Naheeda, Sultan Mohammed Kaleem, Abdul Wahab, and Shahul Hameed, Prevalence of elongated styloid process in Saudi population of Aseer region: Eur J Dent. 2013 Oct-Dec;7(4):449–454.
  24. Bozkir mg, boga h, dere f. the evaluation of elongated styloid process in panoramic radiographs in edentulous patients.J med sci. 1999;29:481–5.
  25. Ilgüy m, ilgüy d, güler n, bayirli g. incidence of the type and calcification patterns in patients with elongated styloid process.J int med res. 2005;33:96-102. [pubmed]
  26. Sachin patil, morphometric study of the styloid process of temporal bone: j clin diagn res. 2014 sep;8(9):ac04–ac06
  27. Okabe s, morimoto y, ansai t, yamada k, tanaka t, awano s, et al. clinical significance and variation of the advanced calcified stylohyoid complex detected by panoramic radiographs among 80-year-old subjects. dentomaxillofac radiol. 2006;35:191-9. [pubmed]

Cite this article: Supriya Garapati, Ch. Santhi, Pentyala Suneetha. THE SYLOID PROCESS: MORPHOMETRY AND ITS CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS IN COSTAL REGION OF ANDRAPRADESH, INDIA. Int J Anat Res 2017;5(2.2):3796-3799. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2017.181  
Share this Research
Share on FacebookShare on Google+Tweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedInEmail this to someonePrint this pagePin on Pinterest