Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 2.1 (April 2017)

Page No.: 3753-3758

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2017.167


Amith R *1, Beena N 3, Vinay KV 3.

*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, K. S. Hegde Medical Academy, Nitte University, Mangaluru, Karnataka. India.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Academy of medical sciences, Pariyaram, Kannur district, Kerala, India.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, K. S. Hegde Medical Academy, Nitte University, Mangaluru, Karnataka. India.

Address for correspondence: Dr. Amith Ramos, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, K. S. Hegde Medical Academy, Nitte University, Deralakatte, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India. Pin- 575018. Ph: +919986099029, E-Mail: amith_ramos@hotmail.com.


Background: The neck-shaft angle (NSA) is the angle formed by the neck axis & the long axis of the femur. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to estimate the following in dry femora of South Indian origin: 1) NSA. 2) Side differences in NSA. 3) Intra observer & inter observer reliability in measuring NSA.  

Material and Methods: About 171 dry adult femora (92 right and 79 left) available in the department of Anatomy were studied. End on digital photographs of the proximal end of the femur & frontal view digital photographs after neutralizing the FA, were utilized to measure the NSA. The axes mentioned above were marked using Microsoft Power Point 2007, after which the images were analyzed. Side differences were determined using the unpaired t-test. Intra observer & inter observer reliability was assessed using Pearson’s correlation coefficient.

Results: The mean NSA was 121.2 º ± 6.2 º (range 93 to 136). No significant side differences were noted. There was good intra & inter observer reliability.

Conclusion: In the present study the mean NSA was 121.2°. No significant side differences in NSA were noted. There was a good intra & inter observer reliability in measuring NSA by using computer assisted image analysis method.

Key words: Femur, femoral neck shaft angle, Shaft axis, Neck axis.


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Cite this article: Amith R, Beena N, Vinay KV. MORPHOMETRY OF FEMORAL NECK SHAFT ANGLE IN DRY FEMORA OF SOUTH INDIA BY COMPUTER ASSISTED IMAGE ANALYSIS METHOD. Int J Anat Res 2017;5(2.1):3753-3758. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2017.167