IJAR.2017.164

Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 2.1 (April 2017)

Page No.: 3746-3749

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2017.164

ANTHROPOMETRIC STUDY OF ISCHIO-PUBIC PARAMETERS OF 100 HIP BONES OF NORTH INDIAN REGION

Sanjay Gupta *1, Bhumica Dang 2, R.C. Jindal 3, S.K. Rathee 4, Vivek Malik 5.

*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

2 Demonstrator, Department of Anatomy, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, MMIMSR, Mullana, Haryana, India.

4 Senior Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

5 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

Address for Correspondence: Dr. Sanjay Gupta, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India. E-Mail:  sanjaygjgd@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Introduction:  Hip bone usually displays differences in morphology in two senses due to different reproductive functions, which are influenced by sex hormones. Therefore, shapes of hip bone are different in males and females that make it interesting anatomically and anthropologically. Though non-metric methods such as visual examination of bone morphology for sex determination is entirely dependent on experience and expertise but anthropometry plays some role in creating a data which can be useful for sex determination.

Aim: Present study was done to find out sexual dimorphism in hip bones with respect to pubic and ischial lengths and their index.

Materials and Methods: For the present study, hip bones were retrieved from Department of Anatomy, PGIMS Rohtak were used. In the present study, 100 adult human hip bones of known sex were studied out of which 66 were males and 34 were females. From these two groups, bones were studied for metrical parameters of hip bone as pubic length, ischial length and ischio-pubic index.

Results:  Pubic length and Ischial length are found  slightly  more on right side as compared to left side in males, while in females mean values of pubic and ischial  length are slightly more on left side as compared to right hip bones showing slight bilateral asymmetry.

Conclusion: Sexual dimorphism as well as bilateral asymmetry of hip bones is appreciated in this study.

KEY WORDS: Sexual Dimorphism, Pubic Length, Ischial Length, Ischio-pubic Index, asymmetry of hip bones.

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Cite this article: Sanjay Gupta, Bhumica Dang, R.C. Jindal, S.K. Rathee, Vivek Malik. ANTHROPOMETRIC STUDY OF ISCHIO-PUBIC PARAMETERS OF 100 HIP BONES OF NORTH INDIAN REGION. Int J Anat Res 2017;5(2.1):3746-3749. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2017.164  
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