IJAR.2017.157

Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 2.1 (April 2017)

Page No.: 3722-3726

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2017.157

A STUDY OF NUTRIENT FORAMEN OF DRY ADULT HUMERUS BONES OF WEST BENGAL POPULATION

Ankana Saha *1, Madhumita Datta 2, Soumya Chakraborty 3, Sudipa Biswas 4, Suranjali Sharma 5.

*1 Demonstrator, Department of Anatomy, ESI-PGIMSR & ESIC Medical College, Kolkata, India.

2 Demonstrator, Department of Anatomy, IPEME&R, Kolkata, India.

3 Professor & Head, Department of Anatomy, ESI-PGIMSR & ESIC Medical College, Kolkata, India.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, ESI-PGIMSR & ESIC Medical College, Kolkata, India.

5 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, ESI-PGIMSR & ESIC Medical College, Kolkata, India.

Corresponding author: Dr. Ankana Saha, Demonstrator, Department of Anatomy. ESI-PGIMSR & ESIC Medical College, Joka, Kolkata, India. Contact no. +919831778215 E-Mail: ankana502@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Background: Nutrient foramen (NF) is an opening on the surface of bone which conduct peripheral nerve and nutrient artery. The major blood supply for long bones arise from this nutrient arteries. This supply is essential during the growing period and early phases of ossification and surgical interventions such as bone grafts, tumour resection, congenital pseudoarthrosis and in transplant techniques in Orthopaedics. This study was aimed to determine the number, direction, position of nutrient foramen and whether the nutrient foramina obey the general rule that is directed away from the growing end of the bone.

Materials and Methods: The present study involved a review of 80 dry humerus of adult population of West Bengal (WB) which were taken from Department of Anatomy, ESI-PGIMSR & ESIC Medical College.

Results: 60% bones had single foramen while 30% bones had double foramen, and 5% bones had triple foramen 5% bones showed no foramen. Major nutrient foramina were directed distally i.e. towards elbow and 76.85% NF were located on antero-medial surface of shaft and there were no change in the obliquity of the foramina.

Conclusion: Majority of the bones followed “Growing End Theory”. This study recorded data related to WB population, providing comparable ethnic data which may help in surgical procedures and in the interpretation of radiological images.

Key words: Humerus, Nutrient foramina, Medullary cavity, West Bengal population.

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Cite this article: Ankana Saha, Madhumita Datta, Soumya Chakraborty, Sudipa Biswas, Suranjali Sharma. A STUDY OF NUTRIENT FORAMEN OF DRY ADULT HUMERUS BONES OF WEST BENGAL POPULATION. Int J Anat Res 2017;5(2.1):3722-3726. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2017.157  
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