IJAR.2016.477

Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 1 (January 2017)

Page No.: 3362-3366

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2016.477

PALATOMETRY IN SOUTH INDIAN SKULLS AND ITS CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

Vasudha Kulkarni *1, Ramesh BR 2.

*1 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Dr.B.R. Ambedkar Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

2 Professor and Head,   Department of Anatomy, Dr.B.R. Ambedkar Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Address for correspondence:  Dr. Vasudha Kulkarni, Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Dr.B.R. Ambedkar Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India. E-Mail: vasuanil77@rediffmail.com

ABSTRACT

Background: A systematised measurement of bony palate of human skull is called as Palatometry.  It is part of Craniometry, measurement of human skull. Palatometry has wide applications in the fields of orthodontic surgeries, palatal implants, repair of cleft palate, and treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. The present study aims at assessing the palatal parameters in South Indian Human skulls.

Materials and Methods: Two hundred and eight hard palates of South Indian human adult skulls were studied at DR. B. R. Ambedkar medical college. Palatal length, breadth, index and size were calculated.

Results: Mean palatal length, breadth, index and size were 40.4mm, 44.2mm, 109.3 and 1.78 sq cm respectively. 86.9% of palates were Brachystaphylin type (broad palate).

Conclusion: The results of the present study are useful in the fields of forensic anthropology, taxonomy, and palaeoanthropology and population distance analysis. The data obtained is of value to determine race, age and sex of human skull. It is also useful for orthodontic procedures such as surgical repair of cleft palate and for peripheral block of maxillary nerve for the maxillo-facial surgery.

Key words: Palatal length, Palatal breadth, Palatal index, Palatal size.

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Cite this article: Vasudha Kulkarni, Ramesh BR. Palatometry in South Indian Skulls and its Clinical Implications. Int J Anat Res 2017;5(1):3362-3366. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.477
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