Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 7; Issue 3.3 (September 2019)

Page No.: 6961-6965

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2019.267


P S Bhusaraddi 1, Pavan P Havaldar *1, Pramod Rangasubhe 1 , Shaik Hussain Saheb 2.

1 Department of Anatomy, Gadag Institute of Medical Sciences, Gadag, Karnataka, India.

2 Department of Anatomy, JJM Medical College, Davanagere, Karnataka, India.

Corresponding Author: Dr Pavan P Havaldar, Department of Anatomy, Gadag Institute of Medical Sciences, Gadag, Karnataka – 582103, India. Mobile – 9986592589


Background: Dermatoglyphics is the study of quantitative and qualitative patterns of ridges in palms and soles. It is being investigated in diseases having genetic basis. The recent evidence from adoption studies has provided a basis for the genetic contributions in schizophrenia. The present conducted to study the finger and palmar dermatoglyphic patterns in schizophrenics and to compare dermatoglyphic configurations of schizophrenics with the normal population.

Materials and Methods: The ink and pad method was followed to take finger and the palm prints. The palmar prints of 50 schizophrenic patients and 50 normal individuals of both the sexes were collected for the study.

Results: There is statistically significant decrease in frequency of arches in schizophrenics when compared to controls, whereas frequency distribution of radial loops, ulnar loops and whorls are not significant. Increase in I4 interdigital pattern is statistically significant in schizophrenics when compared to controls. There is increase in the mean values of total finger ridge count in male, female and combined series of male and female schizophrenics and decrease in absolute finger ridge count in male and combined series of male and female schizophrenics, while there is decrease in female schizophrenics, when compared to controls. Atd angle is decreased in both the hands of male schizophrenics and right hand of female schizophrenics as compared to controls, whereas it is equal in the left hand of schizophrenics and controls. There is increase in the mean ridge count in III, IV and V digits in the right hand of male schizophrenics.

Conclusion: There are significant differences in the schizophrenics in various dermatoglyphic features, when compared to controls. Hence it is possible to identify the ‘at risk’ population with the help of dermatoglyphics.

Key words: Dermatoglyphics; Schizophrenia; atd angle; a-b ridge count, mean ridge count.


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Cite this article: P S Bhusaraddi, Pavan P Havaldar, Pramod Rangasubhe, Shaik Hussain Saheb. THE STUDY ON CORRELATION OF DERMATOGLYPHICS AND SCHIZOPHRENIA. Int J Anat Res 2019;7(3.3):6961-6965. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2019.267