Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 7; Issue 3.2 (August 2019)

Page No.: 6835-6840

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2019.238


Medha Das*1, Shirin Jahan 2, Pranjal Pankaj 3, Gajendra kr Sah 4.

*1 Professor, Dept of Anatomy, Rama Medical College, Mandhana, Kanpur, India.

2 Professor, Dept of Anatomy, Rama Medical College, Mandhana, Kanpur, India.

3 Professor, Dept of Medicine, Rama Medical College, Mandhana, Kanpur, India.

4 Student ,M.Sc. Anatomy, , Rama Medical College, Mandhana, Kanpur, India.

Corresponding Author: Dr  Medha Das, Professor, Department of anatomy, Rama Medical College Hospital & Research Institute, Mandhana, Kanpur – 209217, India. E-Mail: drmedhadas@rediffmail


Background: Cubital fossa is a superficial depression on the anterior aspect of elbow. Superficial veins of cubital region are the most commonly used veins clinically for the purpose of venipuncture done for blood sampling ,blood transfusion , blood donation  & intravenous injections . The different pattern of superficial cubital veins is studied by many researchers over the time. The variations are reported in different ethnic groups and races by many such studies.

Objective: The aim of the current study was to observe and describe the different patterns of arrangement of superficial veins among  male students of Rama University and to find the most common pattern among students and to correlate the data with other such studies especially on Indian population.

Results: One hundred and ninety eight male students of medical and paramedical streams of  Rama University of 2017 and 2018 batch were observed for pattern of superficial cubital veins.Ten types of venous pattern arranged in six groups were noted. The most common pattern observed  in our study was type A .

Conclusion: The most common type of pattern observed in our study was type A resembling alphabet M ,which is different from the results  deduced by other such studies on indian population. The knowledge about the commonly found pattern will be helpful to the clinicians and also to the paramedical staff especially under emergency circumstances where time is limited and crucial.

Key words: Superficial cubital veins, Variations , Venipuncture, Blood transfusion.


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Cite this article: Medha Das, Shirin Jahan, Pranjal Pankaj, Gajendra kr Sah. AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY OF PATTERN OF SUPERFICIAL CUBITAL VEINS AMONG STUDENTS OF RAMA UNIVERSITY. Int J Anat Res 2019;7(3.2):6835-6840. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2019.238