Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 7; Issue 3.2 (August 2019)

Page No.: 6818-6823

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2019.228


Panathula Annapurna 1, Dinesh Iallu *2, Kiranmai Karnati 3.

*1 Assistant professor, Department of Anatomy, Pinnamaneni Siddhartha Medical College, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India.

*2 Assistant professor, Department of Anatomy, ASRAM Medical College, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, India.

3 Assistant professor, Department of PSM, Mamatha Academy of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Address of correspondence: Dr. Dinesh Iallu, Assistant professor, ASRAM Medical College, Eluru, Andhra Pradesh, 534005, Mobile no: 7207412184, E-Mail: dinesh2k487@gmail.com


Background: The placenta is a dynamic organ to maintain the fetal homeostasis by performing a wide range of physiological functions. It undergoes various changes in terms of shape, size, surface area and structure during pregnancy to support growth of the fetus. The efficiency in transfer of nutrients and oxygen through the placenta is the primary determinant of birth weight. Detailed study of placenta gives a wide scope of knowledge on fetal growth. This study has attempted to find the correlation between umbilical cord length with birthweight and fetal length along with the correlation between other placental parameters and fetal parameters.

Materials and methods: The placentas required for this study were collected from the labor room. After thorough inspection of the placenta, shape and presence of any anomalies were noted and then the size of the placenta, which includes weight, thickness and diameter were measured. The length of the umbilical cord was measured with a tape calibrated in centimeters from cut end to placental end and also from cut end to fetal end. Summation of these two values gave the total length of the umbilical cord. The fetal parameters like birth weight was measured by using a digital weighing machine, while the crown-heel length was measured with the help of an infantometer.

Results: 35% of placentas are round shape and 65% are of oval shape. Mean ± SD of placenta weight is 458±49.5gm, umbilical cord length is 56.2 ± 3.2cm, birth weight is 2.4 ± 0.4kg and crown-heel length is 45.8 ± 4.2cm.

Conclusion: A significant relation was found between placenta size and birth weight. A non-significant relation was found between umbilical cord length and birth weight along with umbilical cord length and crown heel length.

Key words: Placenta, umbilical cord, birth weight, feto-placental ratio, crown-heel length.


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Cite this article: Panathula Annapurna, Dinesh Iallu, Kiranmai Karnati. A MORPHOMETRIC CORRELATIONAL STUDY OF PLACENTA AND UMBILICAL CORD WITH FETUS. Int J Anat Res 2019;7(3.2):6818-6823. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2019.234