Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 7; Issue 2.2 (May 2019)

Page No.: 6601-6606

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2019.179


Sachin K S *1, Mamatha H 2, D’Souza A S 3.

*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, K S Hegde Medical Academy, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

3 Professor & Head, Department of Anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Corresponding Author: Dr.Sachin K S, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, K S Hegde Medical Academy, NITTE (Deemed To Be University), Mangaluru, Karnataka, India.          PIN – 575018. Tel No: +91-9611206205. E-Mail: drsachinks63@gmail.com


Background: Human heart is supplied by coronary arteries – Right and Left coronary artery. The coronary arteries arise from the aortic sinuses and the left coronary artery from the left posterior aortic sinus. The left coronary artery has two branches, the anterior interventricular and circumflex arteries. The anterior interventricular branch is the continuation of left coronary artery, gives off septal branches, right and left ventricular branches. The left ventricular branches are called diagonal arteries. The left circumflex artery gives off left atrial and left ventricular branches. One of these atrial branches supply the sinoatrial node in 35% of subjects and AV node in 10-20% of the subjects.

Materials and Methods: The study was carried out in the department of anatomy, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India. The study was performed on 50 formalin fixed human hearts of unknown sex and age. The left coronary artery and their branches were carefully dissected. The origin, branches & branching pattern of left coronary artery was observed, noted and photographed.

Results: In present study, 49 samples (98%) showed the origin of left coronary artery from left posterior aortic sinus while 01 sample (02%) had no trunk of left coronary artery. Sino-atrial nodal artery was originating form circumflex artery in 13 samples (26%) and atrio-ventricular nodal artery from the circumflex artery in 05 samples (10%). The trunk of left coronary artery was bifurcating in 37 samples (74%) and trifurcating in 12 samples (24%) with one sample (02%) showing absent trunk of left coronary artery. The median artery was present in 12 samples (24%) and posterior interventricular artery was originating from circumflex artery in 05 samples (10%).

Conclusion: Left coronary artery commonly originated from left posterior aortic sinus with very few variations. Sino-atrial nodal artery and atrioventricular nodal artery commonly originates from right coronary artery. Bifurcation of left coronary artery is commoner than trifurcation. The present study is useful in better understanding of the normal and variant anatomy of left coronary artery.

Key words: Left coronary artery, Aortic sinus, Sino-atrial nodal artery, Atrioventricular nodal artery, Left circumflex artery.


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Cite this article: Sachin K S, Mamatha H, D’Souza A S. CADAVERIC STUDY ON NORMAL AND VARIANT ANATOMY OF LEFT CORONARY ARTERY. Int J Anat Res 2019;7(2.2):6601-6606. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2019.179