Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 7; Issue 2.2 (May 2019)

Page No.: 6541-6549

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2019.163


Essam Mohammed Eid, Gamal Elsayed Abd-Elsalam, Kamal M. Kamal, Eman El Bana *, Hind Hamdy.

Anatomy& Embryology Department, Faculty of Medicine-Benha University, Egypt.

Address for correspondence: Dr. Eman El Bana, Lecturer, Anatomy& Embryology Department, Faculty of Medicine-Benha University, Egypt.

E-Mail: emanelbana88@gmail.com


Background: The sternum is one of the bones of the skeleton with frequently detected variation

Methods: 240 CT scan film from individual aged between 10 to more than 60 years divided into 6 groups according to age each group included 40 cases (20 males and 20 females) for estimation of the sternal parameters which include the lengths of manubrium, sternal body , xiphoid process , the whole sternal length , detection of the variable maturation of the sternum and the presence of sternal foramina, sex variations of results are detected

Results: The mean length of different parts of sternum was recorded as following: manubrium was 3.8 cm in males, 3.6 cm in females. The body length was 8.6 cm in males, 7.9 cm in females, The xiphoid length was 2.5 cm in males, 1.9 cm in females. The total sterna length was 14.9 cm in males, 13.6 cm in females. The complete or partial fusion of the manbriosternal junction is noticed in all the cases above fifty years. The complete or partial fusion of the xiphisternal junction  is noticed in most of subjects by the age of forty five years. The pattern of fusion of the sternal elements has no relation to sex .The sternal foramen detected only in 8.3 % of cases.

Conclusions: Identification of sternal measurement and their anomalies such as sternal foramen has medicolegal and forensic importance.

Key words: Sternum, morphometric ,Sternal foramina.


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Cite this article: Essam Mohammed Eid, Gamal Elsayed Abd-Elsalam, Kamal M. Kamal, Eman El Bana, Hind Hamdy. MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF THE STERNUM IN EGYPTIAN PERSONS BY CT SCAN (FROM 10 TO MORE THAN 60 YEARS OLD). Int J Anat Res 2019;7(2.2):6541-6549. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2019.163