Type of Article:  Original

Volume 7; Issue 2.1 (April 2019)

Page No.: 6361-6369

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2019.119


Meenakshi Khullar *1, Priti Chaudhary 2, Satvir Singh 3.

*1 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Guru Gobind Singh Medical College, Faridkot, Punjab, India.

2 Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, Guru Gobind Singh Medical College, Faridkot, Punjab, India.

3 M.Sc. student, Department of Anatomy, Guru Gobind Singh Medical College, Faridkot, Punjab, India.

Corresponding author: Meenakshi Khullar, Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Guru Gobind Singh Medical College, Faridkot, Punjab, India. E-Mail: meenakshikhullar8@gmail.com


Background: A review of the relevant literature showed that previous descriptions of scaphoid were not detailed enough to match our present clinical knowledge or the requirements of modern imaging especially in the North Indian population. With this in mind a study was conducted on 50 dry cadaveric scaphoids of North Indian origin.

Material and Methods: The study was performed on 50 dry human scaphoid bones of the North Indian population. Various morphological and morphometric parameters were observed and measured using vernier callipers, a non-stretchable thread, centimetre scales and a protractor.

Results: All the morphological parameters studied were present in all the 50 bones except the sulcus for flexor carpi radialis that was absent in 12 and the ridge for the scapho-capitate interosseous ligament that was absent in 13 bones. The tubercle was conical in 36, pyramidal in 13 and round in the remaining 1 bone. The maximal length of scaphoid and the thickness of waist were significantly higher on the right side. 30 bones had equally developed, 10 bones had under developed proximal while the remaining 10 bones had under developed distal pole. The average value of anteroposterior intra scaphoid angle of 50 scaphoid was found to be 39.20+6.420.

Clinical significance: The data obtained in the present study will be helpful for the hand surgeons, radiologists, morphologists and clinical anatomists.

Key words: scaphoid, morphology, morphometry, sulcus for flexor carpi radialis, ridge for scapho-capitate interosseous ligament.


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Cite this article: Meenakshi Khullar, Priti Chaudhary, Satvir Singh. MORPHOLOGICAL AND MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF DRY SCAPHOID BONE IN THE NORTH INDIAN POPULATION. Int J Anat Res 2019;7(2.1):6361-6369. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2019.119