Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 6; Issue 4.1 (October 2018)

Page No.: 5783-5787

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2018.341


Shobha Gaikwad *1, Rajani Joshi 2.

*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Seth G S Medical College and KEM Hospital , Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

2 Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College, Miraj,Dist.Sangli,  Maharashtra, India.

Address for Correspondence: Dr Shobha Gaikwad, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, 2nd floor, Seth G S Medical College and KEM Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India -400012. Mobile No. 8652868522 E-Mail: shobhagaikwadjadhav@gmail.com


Introduction: The size and shape of the thyroid gland may alter remarkably with age, gender, physiological condition, race, and geographical location. Thus the knowledge of the various parameters and position of thyroid gland are important while doing surgeries on thyroid gland as well as during tracheostomy in emergency condition.

Materials and methods: The study was structured to investigate the morphometric as well as topographical features of the thyroid gland in 100 cadavers (58 males and 42 females) from Maharashtrian population

Result: The right lobe of the thyroid gland was found to be larger than the left lobe. An average length and width of isthmus were 1.38 cm and 1.02 cm. An average weight of thyroid gland was 14.5grams. The P value was 0.00 it shows that gender wise difference in different parameters was highly significant. Most commonly the isthmus was lying opposite to 1st 2nd and 3rd tracheal rings. Gender wise difference in position of isthmus was statistically insignificant.

Conclusion: This study highlights the various parameters of thyroid gland as well as shows the gender wise difference in it.

Key words: weight of thyroid gland, position of isthmus, length of right lobe, width of isthmus.


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Cite this article: Shobha Gaikwad, Rajani Joshi. A MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF THE THYROID GLAND IN HUMAN CADAVERS. Int J Anat Res 2018;6(4.1):5783-5787. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2018.341