Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 3.1 (July 2017)

Page No.: 4046-4050

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2017.246


Anant Karbhari Shingare 1, Deepak Nagnathrao Kawale *2.

1 Assistant Professor, Department Of Anatomy, S.R.T.R. Govt. Medical College, Ambajogai, Maharashtra, India.

*2 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Govt. Medical College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India.

Address for Correspondence:  Dr. Deepak Nagnathrao Kawale, MBBS MD Anatomy, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Govt. Medical College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India. Contact No. : 7774010006 E-Mail: kawale.deepak@gmail.com


Introduction: Atlas is the uppermost cervical vertebra and it has certain anatomical features different from other cervical vertebrae. Thus the unique structure and anatomical location of atlas forms a safety mechanism and guards against injuries.

Material and Methods: Present study 100 human atlas vertebrae was performed in the Department of Anatomy, Government Medical College Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India.The parameters studies were Length of superior articular facet, Width of the superior articular facet, Length of inferior articular facet, Width of the inferior articular facet.

Aims and Objectives: To detailed study of parameters related to superior and inferior articular facets of Atlas vertebrae for references of various surgical procedures related to vertebral displacements.

Discussion: Results of present study tabulated, statistically analysed and compared with previous studies of various authors.

Results and Conclusion: The mean values for the length and width of superior articular facet of atlas on right side were 20.44 mm and 10.62 mm respectively. Similarly the mean values for  the length and width of superior articular facet of atlas on left side were  20.75 mm and 10.43 mm respectively. The mean values for the length and width of inferior articular facet of atlas on right side were 17.75 mm and 14.62 mm respectively. Similarly the mean values for the length and width of inferior articular facet of atlas on left side were 17.02 mm and 15.08 mm respectively.These value helps surgeons in various fine difficult surgeries of atlanto-occipital displacement, atlantoaxial displacements.

Key words: Atlas vertebra, Inferior articular facet, Superior articular facet.


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Cite this article: Anant Karbhari Shingare, Deepak Nagnathrao Kawale. MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF ARTICULAR PROCESSES OF THE HUMAN ATLAS VERTEBRA. Int J Anat Res 2017;5(3.1):4046-4050. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2017.246