Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 2.3 (June 2017)

Page No.: 3934-3937

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2017.223


S.Elizabeth priyadarisini *1 , S.Chithra 2.

*1 Assistant Professor of Anatomy, Stanley Medical College, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India.

2 Professor and HOD of Anatomy, Stanley Medical College, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India.

Address for Correspondence: Dr.S.Elizabeth priyadarisini, Assistant Professor of Anatomy, Stanley Medical College, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India. E-Mail: drelizabethmmc@gmail.com


Background: The medial circumflex femoral artery(MCFA) is a medial branch of the profunda femoris artery(PFA), but in some cases it originates from the femoral artery(FA).It is a vital artery supplying the head and neck of femur.It is very important to avoid its injury in hip surgeries to prevent necrosis of the femoral head.

Materials and Methods: Fifty adult lower limb specimens were obtained from the embalmed cadavers at the department of Anatomy, Stanley  Medical College, Chennai.  The femoral triangles were dissected ,the femoral artery and its main branch, the profunda femoris artery were exposed completely. The lateral and medial circumflex branches of the PFA were dissected and identified.The origin of the MCFA from the profunda femoris  and variations present in its origin were studied and photographed.

Results: The MCFA arose from the PFA in 32 specimens(64%) and from the FA in 18 cases(36%). In 2 cases(4%) the MCFA after arising from the PFA  immediately divided in to three branches in the femoral triangle itself.Out of 18 cases in which the MCFA originated from the FA,in 2 specimens(4%) the MCFA and PFA originated as a common trunk(CT) from the femoral artery.In 4 cases (8%) the MCFA arose from the FA superior to the origin of  deep external pudendal artery (DEPA).In 2 specimens(4%) the MCFA after originating from the femoral artery divided in to two branches in the femoral triangle itself.

Conclusion: The knowledge of MCFA origin and branching pattern is helpful in preventing iatrogenic injury to these vessels during surgical procedures in the hip joint and femoral triangle.

Key words: Profunda Femoris Artery, Femoral Artery,Medial Circumflex Femoral Artery,Deep External Pudendal Artery.


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Cite this article: S.Elizabeth priyadarisini, S.Chithra. A STUDY ON THE ANATOMICAL VARIATIONS IN THE MEDIAL CIRCUMFLEX FEMORAL ARTERY. Int J Anat Res 2017;5(2.3):3934-3937. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2017.223