Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 1 (March 2017)

Page No.: 3644-3647

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2017.128


S. Elizabeth priyadarisini *1, S. Chithra 2.

*1 Assistant Professor of Anatomy, Stanley Medical College, Chennai,Tamilnadu, India

2 Professor and HOD of Anatomy,Stanley Medical College,Chennai,Tamilnadu, India.

Corresponding Author: Dr.S.Elizabeth Priyadarisini, Assistant Professor of Anatomy, Stanley Medical College, Chennai,Tamilnadu, India. E-Mail: drelizabethmmc@gmail.com


Background: The profunda femoris artery is a branch of the femoral artery arising about 3-4 cm below the mid inguinal point.It is used in various radiologic imaging  and vascular reconstructive procedures in the anterior thigh and hip region.Its circumflex branches  are used in fasciocutaneous  thigh flaps and its perforator branches are useful in breast reconstruction. The presence of such wide clinical applications has prompted this study on the profunda femoris artery and its perforator branches.

Materials and Methods: 50 adult lower limb specimens were obtained from the embalmed cadavers of the department of anatomy, Stanley medical college, Chennai. The femoral triangles were dissected and the profunda femoris artery with its branches exposed. The site of origin of the profunda from the femoral artery was identified.The distance of origin of  profunda femoris artery from the mid inguinal point was measured using a measuring tape and variations present were studied. The perforator branches were also dissected  and their branching pattern identified and photographed.

Results: Out of 50 lower limb specimens dissected, the profunda femoris artery was found to originate from the posterolateral aspect of the femoral artery in 32 cases(64%), from the posterior side of the femoral artery in 12 cases (24%) and from the lateral side in 6 cases (12%).The mean length of origin of profunda femoris from the mid inguinal point was 4.31 cms. In 2 specimens (4%) there was high origin of profunda femoris arising at a distance of 2 cm from the mid inguinal point. The perforating branches showed normal branching pattern in 40 specimens(80%). In 8 specimens(16%) there were five perforators and in 2 cases(4%) there were six perforating branches arising from the profunda. The perforators were seen to arise from the lateral side of the profunda than from  its medial side.

Conclusion: The knowledge of the branching pattern and  variations of the profunda femoris artery and its perforators  are useful to the surgeons to prevent iatrogenic complications while dealing with hip and anterior thigh regions.It will also be helpful to radiologists  before planning various interventional procedures.

Key words: Femoral artery, Profunda femoris artery, Mid inguinal point, Perforators.


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Cite this article: S. Elizabeth priyadarisini, S. Chithra. A STUDY ON THE PROFUNDA FEMORIS ARTERY AND ITS PERFORATOR BRANCHES. Int J Anat Res 2017;5(1):3644-3647. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2017.128