Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 1 (March 2017)

Page No.: 3607-3610

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2017.118


Poonam Vohra 1, Pratima Kulkarni *2.

1 Professor & HOD, Department of Anatomy, Sakshi Medical College, Guna, Madhya Pradesh, India.

*2 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Govt. Medical College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India.

Corresponding Author Address: Dr. Pratima Kulkarni, Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Govt. Medical College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India. E-Mail: poonambhatraj@gmail.com


Introduction: In the medicolegal cases as well as archeological studies bone examination performs very useful roll. It is also useful in determination of personal identity.Next to the enamel of teeth, bones of the body are the last to perish after death. Hence in establishing the personal identity with respect to sex, age and stature, Anatomist and anthropologist use the skeletal material for giving their opinion [1]. Anthropometric studies of different bones and parts of body shows definite sexual dimorphism in male and female; which has been already explained by various authors7. However in the present work is an attempt to establish importance of hyoid bone in sex identification, both in medicolegal and anthropometric study.

Materials and Methods: Present study done with 300 hyoid bones collected from medicolegal post mortem cases conducted by experts of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Department, Government Medical College, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India.The various parameters of hyoid bone were noted with the help of Digital Vernier Calliper.

Results and Conlucsion: By multivariate discriminant linear functional analysis of present study shown that 94% male and 85% female hyoids could be identified correctly, this degree of accuracy explaining that role of hyoid bone in determination of sex. The total percentage of male and female hyoids identified by multivariate discriminant analysis is found to be 92%.

Key words: Sexual Dimorphism, Hyoid, Anthropometry.


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Cite this article: Poonam Vohra, Pratima Kulkarni. SEXUAL DIMORPHISM OF HUMAN HYOID BONE. Int J Anat Res 2017;5(1):3607-3610. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2017.118