Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 1 (February 2017)

Page No.: 3552-3505

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2017.111


Deepa Somanath  *1, Sudha R 2.

*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry, India.

2 Tutor, Department of Anatomy, Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry, India.

Address for Correspondence: Dr. Deepa Somanath, Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry 605 107, India. E-Mail: deepa.somanath@gmail.com


Introduction: The occipital condyle connects the cranium and the first cervical vertebra at the atlanto occipital joint. It overlaps the foramen magnum. The purpose of this study is to correlate the measurements of occipital condyles and its clinical implications in various  surgeries  involving transcondylar approach, condylar drilling, cranio-vertebral surgery, accessing  lesions in the  posterior cranial fossa and clivus, condylectomy, occipital fixation etc.

Materials and Methods: The following study was performed in the Department of Anatomy of Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College, Pondicherry using 50 adult unsexed dry human skull bones.

Results: In the present study, the significant P value of the length, the middle and posterior breadth and thickness of occipital condyles as well as the angle of occipital condyle to horizontal plane were 0.001,0.029,0.016,0.009,0.009 respectively.

Conclusion: The morphometric values of occipital condyles is very crucial for the modified approach to the foramen magnum in cranio-vertebral surgeries.

Key words: Occipital Condyle, Morphometry, Transcondylar Approach.


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Cite this article: Deepa Somanath, Sudha R. MORPHOMETRY OF OCCIPITAL CONDYLES IN CRANIOVERTEBRAL SURGERIES. Int J Anat Res 2017;5(1):3552-3505. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2017.111