Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 1 (January 2017)

Page No.: 3439-3442

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2016.498


Vijaianand M *¹, Ramamurthi KS ².

*1 Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Karpagam Faculty of Medical Sciences & Research, Othakkalmandapam (Po), Coimbatore, India.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Karpagam Faculty of Medical Sciences & Research, Othakkalmandapam (Po), Coimbatore, India.

Corresponding Author: Dr. Vijaianand M, Assistant Professor of Anatomy, 7, Tarun kudil, IK garden, Gokul Nagar Annexe, Chinnathirupathi, Salem-636008. Tamil Nadu, India. Mobile: (0) 9655246467 E-Mail:  dr.vijaitarun7474@gmail.com


Introduction: Each kidney is normally supplied by one renal artery arising from abdominal aorta. In addition to this, sometimes the kidneys receive additional arterial supply from the so called accessory renal arteries, that arise either from the abdominal aorta or main renal artery or coeliac trunk or superior mesenteric artery and reaches the kidney either through the superior or inferior pole, above or below the main renal artery and may or may not pass through the hilum.

Aims and Objectives: The present study aims to find out variations in kidney such as size,shape,position and presence or absence of any extra renal arteries.

Observation and Results: The study was performed with 29 well preserved Human cadavers over a period of four years in the Dept. of Anatomy, KFMSR, Coimbatore by following the standard dissection technique. 2 among 29 cadavers showed the presence of accessory renal arteries, both of them are male cadavers accounting for an incidence of around 7%.In both the cases, the accessory renal arteries were unilateral and to the right kidney.

Conclusion: Knowing the presence or absence of accessory renal arteries in an individual is highly important as it is associated with life threatening complications [Acute tubular necrosis, graft rejection, etc.] which was reported from the earlier literature studies. With advanced renal imaging techniques, such complications can be prevented or minimized.

Key words: Kidney, Accessory renal artery, Renal transplant, Renal angiography, Hydronephrosis.


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Cite this article: Vijaianand M, Ramamurthi KS. A CADAVERIC STUDY ON ACCESSORY RENAL ARTERIES AND ITS CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS. Int J Anat Res 2017;5(1):3439-3442. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.498