Type of Article:  Original Research

Volume 5; Issue 1 (January 2017)

Page No.: 3362-3366

DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2016.477


Vasudha Kulkarni *1, Ramesh BR 2.

*1 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Dr.B.R. Ambedkar Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

2 Professor and Head,   Department of Anatomy, Dr.B.R. Ambedkar Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Address for correspondence:  Dr. Vasudha Kulkarni, Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Dr.B.R. Ambedkar Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India. E-Mail: vasuanil77@rediffmail.com


Background: A systematised measurement of bony palate of human skull is called as Palatometry.  It is part of Craniometry, measurement of human skull. Palatometry has wide applications in the fields of orthodontic surgeries, palatal implants, repair of cleft palate, and treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. The present study aims at assessing the palatal parameters in South Indian Human skulls.

Materials and Methods: Two hundred and eight hard palates of South Indian human adult skulls were studied at DR. B. R. Ambedkar medical college. Palatal length, breadth, index and size were calculated.

Results: Mean palatal length, breadth, index and size were 40.4mm, 44.2mm, 109.3 and 1.78 sq cm respectively. 86.9% of palates were Brachystaphylin type (broad palate).

Conclusion: The results of the present study are useful in the fields of forensic anthropology, taxonomy, and palaeoanthropology and population distance analysis. The data obtained is of value to determine race, age and sex of human skull. It is also useful for orthodontic procedures such as surgical repair of cleft palate and for peripheral block of maxillary nerve for the maxillo-facial surgery.

Key words: Palatal length, Palatal breadth, Palatal index, Palatal size.


  1. Standring S., Gray’s Anatomy- Anatomical basis of clinical practice, 39th ed. 2005:459.
  2. Antony Sylvan D’Souza, H. Mamatha, Nayak Jyothi. Morphometric analysis of hard palate in south Indian skulls. Biomedical Research 2012;23(2):173-175.
  3. Biswas, P C and Indera, P Singh. (1968): Anthropometry. – Bharti Bhavan, pp. 7,165,190,191,202,213,214, 215.
  4. Larnach SL and Macintosh NWG. The craniology of the aborigines of Coastal New South Wales. The Oceania Monographs 1966;13:72-73.
  5. Manmohan Patel. A Study of the hard palate in the Skulls of Central Indian Population. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. 2012;3(2).
  6. Robert S. Sandman, Burton L. Shapiro and Robert J. Gorlin. ‘Measurement of Normal and Reportedly malformed Palatal Vaults. II Normal Juvenile measurements’ J. dent. Res. March- April 1966;45(2):267-269.
  7. Hassanali J. and Mwaniki D. Palatal analysis and osteology of the hard palate of the Kenyan African skulls. Anat Rec 1984;209(2):273-80.
  8. Mitesh R Dave, Sudarshan Gupta, Kintu K Vyas, Hemang G Joshi. A Study Of Palatal Indices And Bony Prominences And Grooves In The Hard Palate Of Adult Human Skulls. NJIRM 2013;4(1).7-11.
  9. Sarilita E, Soames R. Morphology of the hard palate: a study of dry skulls and review of the literature. Rev Arg de Anat Clin. 2015;7(1):34-43.
  10. Stanley F Malamed, Norman Trieger. Intraoral Maxillary Nerve Block: an anatomical and clinical study. Anesthesia progress. 1983;44-48.
  11. Sumati, Patnaik V. V. G. and Ajay Phatak. Determination of Sex from Hard palate by Discriminant Function Analysis,2012.
  12. Claudia Dellaviaa; Chiarella Sforzab; Angela Malerbac; Laura Strohmengerd; Virgilio F. Ferrarioe. Palatal morphometry and ectodermal dysplasia Angle Orthodontist, 2006;76(6):978-983.
  13. Berwig LC, Silva AMT, Côrrea ECR, Moraes AB, Montenegro MM, Ritzel Raj. Hard palate dimensions in nasal and mouth breathers from different etiologies Soc Bras Fonoaudiol. 2011;23(4):308-14.
  14. Luana Cristina Berwig, Ana Maria Toniolo da Silva, Eliane Castilhos Rodrigues Côrrea, Anaelena Bragança de Moraes, Márlon Munhoz Montenegro. Hard palate dimensions in nasal and mouth breathers from different etiologies. J Soc Bras Fonoaudiol. 2011;23(4):308-14.
  15. Mossey P, Little J. Addressing the challenges of cleft lip and palate research in India. Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery : Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India. 2009;42(Suppl):S9-S18.
  16. Rodrigo Agne Ritzel, Luana Cristina Berwig, H El – Badry, H Nemat , I Mostafa & I Ramzy. Palatal dimensions in egyptian children at the mixed dentition period. International Journal of Dental Anthropology IJDA 2008;12:15-20.
  17. Sean M. Caples, James A. Rowley, Jeffrey R. Prinsell, John F. Pallanch, Mohamed B. Elamin, Sheri G. Katz, and John D. Harwick. Surgical Modifications of the Upper Airway for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Sleep 2010;33(10):1396–1407.
  18. Sadler TW. Head and Neck. In: Langman’s Medical Embryology. South Asia; 2014 12th edition Chapter 17:278-280.
  19. George C Kent, Robert K Carr. Digestive systems. In: Comparative anatomy of the vertebrates. 9th edition. 1969 McGraw-Hill Science: Chapter 10:246-247.

Cite this article: Vasudha Kulkarni, Ramesh BR. Palatometry in South Indian Skulls and its Clinical Implications. Int J Anat Res 2017;5(1):3362-3366. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.477