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How    to    cite    this    Article:     Parth    Trivedi,    Preeti    Bhatt,    Sathiyavani    Dhanakotti,    Gopal    Nambi.        COMPARISON    OF    MUSCLE    ENERGY TECHNIQUE   AND   MYOFASCIAL   RELEASE   TECHNIQUE   ON   PAIN   AND   RANGE   OF   MOTION   IN   PATIENTS   WITH   TEMPOROMANDIBULAR   JOINT DYSFUNCTION: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED STUDY.  Int J Physiother Res 2016;4(6):1788-1792. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2016.192.
Type of Article: Original Research DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2016.192 Page No.:  1788-1792
COMPARISON   OF   MUSCLE   ENERGY   TECHNIQUE   AND   MYOFASCIAL   RELEASE   TECHNIQUE   ON   PAIN   AND   RANGE   OF   MOTION   IN   PATIENTS WITH TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DYSFUNCTION: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED STUDY Parth Trivedi * 1 , Preeti Bhatt 2 ,   Sathiyavani Dhanakotti 3 , Gopal Nambi 4 . *1  Lecturer, C.M. Patel College of Physiotherapy, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. 2  Drug Safety Physician, Apcer Lifesciences, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. 3  Vice-Principal, C.U.Shah Physiotherapy College, Surendranagar, Gujarat, India. 4 Assistant   Professor,   Department   of   Physical   Therapy   &   Rehabilitation,   College   of   Applied   Medical   Sciences,   Prince   Sattam   Bin   Abdul   Aziz   University, Al.Kharaj, Saudi Arabia. Corresponding Author:  Dr. Parth Trivedi. PT., Lecturer, C.M. Patel College of Physiotherapy, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. E-Mail:  drparthtrivedi@live.in ABSTRACT Background:    Temporomandibular   joint   dysfunction   (TMJD)   refers   to   a   group   of   problems   related   to   the   temporomandibular   joint.   The   etiology   of   TMJD   is still   unclear   and   is   believed   to   be   complex.   Temporomandibular   Joint   (TMJ)   disorders   are   generally   divided   into   two   categories;   articular   disorders   (e.g., ankylosis,    developmental    disorders,    disk    derangement    disorders,    fractures,    etc.)    &    masticatory    muscle    disorders    (e.g.,    myofascial    pain,    myofibrotic contracture, etc.). Objective:    To   compare   the   effectiveness   of   Muscle   Energy   Technique   and   Myofascial   Release   Technique   on   pain   and   range   of   motion   in   temporomandibular joint dysfunction patients. Materials   and   Methods:    Chronic   temporomandibular   joint   dysfunction   patients   (N=36)   were   recruited   and   randomly   allocated   into   three   groups   (Muscle Energy Technique- MET; Myofascial Release Technique-MFR and Control; N=12 in each group). All the groups completed 4 weeks of intervention. Results:    The   4   weeks   of   treatment   program   resulted   in   significant   improvement   in   reduction   of   pain   (NPRS   p<0.05)   &   increase   in   range   of   motion   (p<0.05) in   TMJD   patients   which   was   not   evident   in   the   control   group.   However,   MET   was   found   to   be   more   clinically   effective   compared   to   MFR   in   all   outcome scores. Conclusions:    Both   MET   and   MFR   are   effective   in   reducing   pain   and   increasing   ROM   in   chronic   TMJD   subjects.   However,   MET   was   found   to   be   superior   to MFR. KEY WORDS: Temporomandibular joint dysfunction. 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International Journal of Physiotherapy and Research ISSN (O): 2321-1822  ISSN (P): 2321-8975 Volume 4 |Issue 6 |  2016 Date of Publication:  11 December 2016 http://ijmhr.org/ijpr.html editor_physiotherapy@hotmail.com HOME ABOUT US EDITORIAL BOARD AUTHOR GUIDELINES SPECIAL SERVICES CONTACT US