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How   to   cite   this   Article:    Mayuri   D.   Mandlik,   Amita   Mehta.    EFFECT   OF   AEROBIC   TRAINING   ON   QUALITY   OF   LIFE   AND   MENTAL   HEALTH   IN OBESE WOMEN.  Int J Physiother Res 2016;4(6):1736-1744. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2016.180.
Type of Article: Original Research DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2016.180 Page No.:  1736-1744
EFFECT OF AEROBIC TRAINING ON QUALITY OF LIFE AND MENTAL HEALTH IN OBESE WOMEN Mayuri D. Mandlik 1 , Amita Mehta * 2 . 1  Seth G.S. Medical College and KEM hospital, Parel, Mumbai, Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik, India. *2 Professor, Head of Physiotherapy Department, Seth G.S. Medical College and KEM hospital, Parel, Mumbai, India. Address   for   correspondence:      Dr.   Mayuri   D.   Mandlik,   Assistant   Professor,   DPO   Nett   College   of   Physiotherapy,   Thane,   Maharashtra, India.  E-Mail:  mayumndlik@gmail.com Abstract: Background:    Obesity   is   increasingly   important   health   problem   worldwide   including   developing   countries.   Obesity   is   associated   with   mental   illness   and   all aspects of individual’s quality of life .Aerobic training is mainstay in the management of obesity as it helps in caloric expenditure & weight loss.  Objectives:   To   assess   the   effects   of   aerobic   training   on   quality   of   life   using   SF-36   questionnaire   and   on   mental   health   using   Hospital   Anxiety   and   Depression Scale Study Design:  Prospective interventional study Materials   and   Methods:    30   women   with   BMI   >   25   kg/m 2    in   the   age   group   of   20-60   years   were   selected   according   to   convenience   sampling   method.   Then quality   of   life   and   mental   health   evaluation   was   done   using   SF-36   questionnaire   and   Hospital   Anxiety   and   Depression   scale   respectively.   An   aerobic   training program   was   given   for   8   weeks,6   sessions   per   week   with   each   session   consisting   of   warm   up   &   cool   down   period   for   5-10   minutes   and   aerobic   training   of   15- 45   minutes   involving   brisk   walking,   cycling,   stair   climbing   at   target   heart   rate   40%-60%   of   age   predicted   maximum   heart   rate.   At   the   end   of   8   weeks reassessment was done. Results :   There   was   significant   statistical   difference   found   in   physical   functioning,   role   limitation   due   to   physical   health   and   due   to   emotional   problems, energy   levels,   social   functioning,   pain,   emotional   well-   being   and   general   health   post   8   weeks   of   aerobic    training   using   Wilcoxon   Signed   Rank   test   p   value 0.0001. Also there was statistically   significant reduction in weight after aerobic training by using Paired t-test. Conclusion:  We found that aerobic training improved quality of life and mental health in obese women. Also it induced weight loss in obese women. KEY WORDS:  Obesity, aerobic training, quality of life, mental health,SF-36, Hospital Anxiety and depression scale. References 1 . Gadalla TM Association of obesity with mood and anxiety disorders in the adult general population. Chronic Dis Can 2009;30(1):29-36. 2 . 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International Journal of Physiotherapy and Research ISSN (O): 2321-1822  ISSN (P): 2321-8975 Volume 4 |Issue 6 |  2016 Date of Publication:  15 November 2016 http://ijmhr.org/ijpr.html editor_physiotherapy@hotmail.com HOME ABOUT US EDITORIAL BOARD AUTHOR GUIDELINES SPECIAL SERVICES CONTACT US