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How   to   cite   this   Article:    Pavan   K   Talupuru,   Sivachidambaram   Kulandaivelan,   Haripriya   U,   Varun   Singh.   EFFECT   OF   BMI   ON   HAND   GRIP STRENGTH IN ELITE CRICKET PLAYERS.  Int J Physiother Res 2016;4(5):1696-1700. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2016.167.
Type of Article: Original Research DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2016.167 Page No.:  1696-1700
EFFECT OF BMI ON HAND GRIP STRENGTH IN ELITE CRICKET PLAYERS Pavan K Talupuru 1 , Sivachidambaram Kulandaivelan * 2 , Haripriya U 3 , Varun Singh 2 . 1 Chief Clinical Therapist, UP Cricket Team, UPCA, Kanpur, UP, India. *2 Assistant Professor, Dept. of Physiotherapy, GJUST, Hisar, Haryana. India. 3 Post Graduate Student, Dept. of Pharmacology, SV Medical College, Tirupathi, AP, India Corresponding   Author:    Kulandaivelan   S,   MSPT,   PhD,   Assistant   Professor,   Dept.   of   Physiotherapy,   GJUST,   Hisar-125001.   Haryana.   India. Mobile: 09996003995. E-Mail:  tryhard2024@yahoo.co.in ABSTRACT Background:    Cricket   is   most   popular   team   sport   in   Indian   subcontinent.   Hand-grip   strength   (HGS)   plays   a   vital   part   in   all   roles   of   cricket which may be affected by BMI. Objective:  To find-out the effect of BMI on HGS in Indian professional cricket players. Materials   and   Methods:    Study-design:   Experimental   study;   different   subject   design.   Sampling   technique:   Convenient   sampling   Sample size:   322   male   cricket   players   aged   between   13   and   38   years.   Independent   variable:   BMI   group   (Below   19,   20-22,   23-25,   26-32)   Dependent variable:   HGS   in   3   different   position   for   both   right   and   left   side.   Instrument   used:   Jamar   hand-held   electronic   hand-grip   dynamometer. Statistics: Mean, standard deviation (SD) as descriptive and one-way ANNOVA with LSD post-hoc analysis as inferential statistics. Results:    Below   19   BMI   group   showed   significantly   lower   HGS   than   other   three   BMI   groups.   20-23   BMI   group   significantly   lower   than   23-25 and 26-32 BMI groups. 23-25 group HGS values are lower than 26-32 group without statistical significance. Conclusion:    HGS   improve   as   BMI   rise   in   professional   cricket   players   which   may   be   explained   by   low   fat   and   high   muscle   mass   due   to   high intensity training in this group. KEY WORDS: HGS, Jamar dynamometer, BMI, Team sport, Muscle fat ratio. References 1 . Sathya   P,   Kadhiravan   V,   Ramakrishnan   KS,   Vedak   TM.   Correlation   between   Hand   Grip   Strength   and   Shoulder   Power   in   Cricket   Players.   International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) 2016;5(3):348-52. 2 . Koley   S,   Chawla   JK,   Sandhu   JS.   Hand   grip   strength:   An   assessment   criteria   of   upper   extremity   musculoskeletal   disorders   in   Indian   collegiate   computer users. Ibnosina Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences 2010;2(5):198-204. 3 . Kumar   TP,   Kulandaivelan   S,   Yadav   A,   Vasu   P.   Test-retest   reliability   and   consistency   of   electronic   Jammar   hand-grip   dynamometer   in   Cricket   players. IOSR-Journal of Sports and Physical Education 2016;3(3):49-53. 4 . Talupuru   PK,   Kulandaivelan   S,   Alrashdi   NZ,   Ateef   M,   Haripriya   U.   Effect   of   age   on   hand   grip   strength   in   professional   cricket   players.   Indian   Journal   of Health and Wellbeing 2016;7(7):746-48. 5 . Koley   S,   Gandhi   M,   Singh   AP.   An   association   of   handgrip   strength   with   height,   weight   and   BMI   in   boys   and   girls   aged   6   –   25   years   of   Amritsar,   Punjab, India. The Internet Journal of Biological Anthropology 2008;2(1):1-9. 6 . Koley   S,   Yadav   MK.   An   association   of   hand   grip   strength   with   some   anthropometric   variables   in   Indian   Cricket   players.   Physical   Education   and   Sport 2009;7(2):113-23. 7 . Misra   A,   Chowbey   P,   Makkar   BM,   Vikram   NK,   Wasir   JS,   Chadha   D,   Joshi   SR,   Sadikot   S,   Gupta   R,   Gulati   S,   Munjal   YP.   Consensus   statement   for   diagnosis of   obesity,   abdominal   obesity   and   the   metabolic   syndrome   for   Asian   Indians   and   recommendations   for   physical   activity,   medical   and   surgical management. J Assoc Physicians India 2009;57(2):163-70. 8 . Singh   SP,   Sikri   G,   Garg   MK.   Body   mass   index   and   obesity:   Tailoring   “cut-off”   for   an   Asian   Indian   male   population.   Med.   J.   Armed   Forces   India 2008;64(4):350-53. 9 . Massy-westropp,   NM,   Gill   TK,   Taylor   AW,   Bohannon   RW,   Hill   CL.   Hand   Grip   Strength:   Age   and   gender   stratified   normative   data   in   a   population-based study. BMC Research Notes 2011;4(127):1-5. 1 0 . Bansoda   DG,   Borse   LJ,   Yadav   RD.   Study   of   correlation   between   Dominant   Hand’s   Grip   Strength   and   some   Physical   Factors   in   Adult   Males   and   Females. International Journal of Pharma Research and Health Sciences 2014;2(4):316-23. 1 1 . Jadhav   CD,   Mundewadi   SA,   Bansode   DG,   Rukadikar   AR.   Study   of   correlation   of   hand   grip   strength   and   percentage   of   lean   body   mass   in   cricket   players. International Journal of Anatomy Physiology and Biochemistry 2014;1(3):1-5.
International Journal of Physiotherapy and Research ISSN (O): 2321-1822  ISSN (P): 2321-8975 Volume 4 |Issue 5 |  2016 Date of Publication:  11 October 2016 http://ijmhr.org/ijpr.html editor_physiotherapy@hotmail.com HOME ABOUT US EDITORIAL BOARD AUTHOR GUIDELINES SPECIAL SERVICES CONTACT US