Quick Links
How    to    cite    this    Article:     Priyanka    Rana,    Shabnam    Joshi,    Monika    Bodwal.    QUANTITATIVE    GAIT    ANALYSIS    IN    PATIENTS    WITH    KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS.  Int J Physiother Res 2016;4(5):1684-1688. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2016.164.
Type of Article: Original Research DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2016.164 Page No.:  1684-1688
QUANTITATIVE GAIT ANALYSIS IN PATIENTS WITH KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS Priyanka Rana * 1 , Shabnam Joshi 2 , Monika Bodwal 3 . *1  MPT (Musculoskeletal Disorders), Department of Physiotherapy,  Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar, India. 2    Assistant   Professor ,    MPT   (Musculoskeletal) ,    Department   of   Physiotherapy,   Guru   Jambheshwar   University   of   Science   and   Technology, Hisar, India. 3  MPT (Musculoskeletal Disorders) ,  Department of Physiotherapy ,  Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar, India. Corresponding   author   :      Dr.   Priyanka   Rana,      MPT   (Musculoskeletal   Disorders),   Guru   Jambheshwar   University   of   Science   and   Technology, Hisar, India. Mobile no.: +919811675834  E-Mail: priyankarana2535@yahoo.com ABSTRACT Background:   Knee   osteoarthritis   is   one   of   the   most   prevalent   conditions.   According   to   world   health   organization   the   knee   osteoarthritis   is the   fourth   most   important   cause   of   disability   in   women   and   eight   most   important   causes   in   men.   Various   methods   have   been   used   like high   speed   cinematography,   force   platform   etc   but   no   study   was   done   by   using   pen   marking   analysis   to   compare   the   gait   parameters   of osteoarthritis patients and healthy individuals. Purpose   of   study:    To   compare   gait   parameter   that   is   step   length,   step   width,   stride   length,   walking   velocity   and   cadence   of   osteoarthritis patients and healthy individuals. Method:   This   experimental   cross   sectional   study   conducted   at   Guru   Jambheshawar   University   of   Science   and   Technology,   Hisar.   30 subjects   were   taken   as   per   selection   criteria   which   included   both   male   and   female   between   the   ages   of   40   to   65   years.   They   were   divided into   two   groups   that   is   group   A   has   osteoarthritis   patients   (n   =   15)   and   group   B   has   normal   healthy   subjects   (n   =   15).   Step   length,   Step width, Stride length, Walking velocity and Cadence were taken as outcome measurement parameters. Results:   Comparison   was   made   between   the   gait   parameters   within   group   and   between   the   groups   by   using   t-   test   for   statistical   analysis. Result   shows   statistically   significant   difference   in   gait   parameters   between   the   patient   group   and   healthy   individuals.   Patient   group   have lower   step   length   (34%),   stride   length   (33%),   walking   velocity   (48%)   and   cadence   (31%)   and   greater   step   width   (44%)   then   the   control group.   Females   with   knee   osteoarthritis   have   lower   values   for   step   length,   stride   length,   walking   velocity   and   cadence   and   greater   step width   then   control   group   females.   Males   with   knee   osteoarthritis   have   lower   values   for   step   length,   walking   velocity   and   cadence   than   the control group males. Conclusion:   Knee   osteoarthritis   shows   significant   difference   in   the   gait   parameters   between   the   osteoarthritis   patients   and   healthy individuals and between the genders.   KEY WORDS: Gait analysis, Gait parameters, Knee osteoarthritis. References 1 . Jayalath J.L.R, Dassanayake T.D.M.S.B, Dissanayake M.M . . Gait variation in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a controlled study. 2014;2(5):677-80 .   2 .    Paul   Ornetti,   Jean-Francis   Maillefert,   Davy   Laroch,   Claire   Morisset,      Maxime   Dougados,      Laure   Gossec.   Gait   analysis   as   a   quantifiable   outcome measure in hip or knee  osteoarthritis: A systematic review. Joint Bone Spine (2010), doi:10.1016/j.jbspin.2009.12.009. 3 . Cyrus   Cooper,   Shelagh   Snow,   Timothy   e.   Mcalindon,   Samantha   Kellingray,   Brenda   Stuart,   David   Coggon,   and   Paul   a.   Dieppe.   Risk   factors   for   the incidence an progression of radiographic knee osteoarthritis.2000;43:995-1000. 4 . Judith Falconer and Karen W. Hayes. A Simple Method to Measure Gait for Use in Arthritis Clinical Research. 1991;4(1). 5 . Annegret    Mundermann,    Chris    O.    Dyrby,    and    Thomas    P.    Andriacchi.    Secondary    Gait    Changes    in    Patients    With    Medial    Compartment    Knee Osteoarthritis. 2005; Vol. 52: 2835-2844. 6 . Zolta’n   Bejek,   Robert   Paro’czai,      Arpa’d   Illye’s,   Rita   M.   Kiss   The   influence   of   walking   speed   on   gait   parameters   in   healthy   people   and   in   patients   with osteoarthritis. 2006;14: 612-622. 7 . Joern   W.-P.   Michael,   Klaus   U.   Schlüter-Brust,   Peer   Eysel.   The   Epidemiology,   Etiology,   Diagnosis,   and   Treatment   of   Osteoarthritis   of   the   Knee.   2010 ; 107(9):152-62. 8 . Christopher L Vaughan, Brian L Davis, Jeremy C O.Connor 2 nd  edition, Dynamics of human gait 1992. 9 . Marlene Fransen, Jack Crosbie and John Edmonds. Reliability of Gait Measurements in People with osteoarthritis of knee. 1997;77:944-953. 1 0 . R.    Altman,    E.    Asch,    D.    Bloch,    G.    Bole,    D.    Borenstein,    K.    Brandt,    W.    Christy.    Development    of    criteria    for    the    classification    and    reporting    of osteoarthritis.1986;29. 1 1 . Michael   V   Hurley,   David   L   Scott,   Joanne   Rees,   Di   J   Newham.   Sensorimotor   changes   and   functional   performance   in   patients   with   knee   osteoarthritis. 1997;56:641-648. 1 2 . D.E.   Hurwitz,   A.B.   Ryals   J.P.   Case,      J.A.   Block,   T.P.   Andriacchi .   The   knee   adduction   moment   during   gait   in   subjects   with   knee   osteoarthritis   is   more closely correlated with static alignment than radiographic disease severity, toe out angle and pain. 2002;20:101-107. 1 3 . A.   J.   Baliunas,   D.   E.   Hurwitz,   A.   B.   Ryals,   A.   Karrar†,   J.   P.   Case,   J.   A.   Block   and   T.   P.   Andriacchi.   Increased   knee   joint   loads   during   walking   are   present   in subjects with knee osteoarthritis. 2002;10:573-579. 1 4 . Frank   P.   Luyten,   Matteo   Denti,   Giuseppe   Filardo,   Elizaveta   Kon,   Lars   Engebretsen.   Definition   and   classification   of   early   osteoarthritis   of   the   knee. 2012;20:401-406. 1 5 . Kay Cerny.  A Clinical Method of Quantitative Gait Analysis: Suggestion from the Field. 1983;63:1125-1126. 1 6 . Cynthia C . Norkin , 3 rd  edition, Joint structure and function: a comprehensive analysis. 1 7 . Avi   Elbaz,   Amit   Mor,   Ganit   Segal,   Yoav   Aloni,   Yee   Hong   Teo,   Yee   Sze   Teo,   Shamal   Das-De   and   Seng   Jin   Yeo.   Patients   with   knee   osteoarthritis demonstrate    improved    gait    pattern    and    reduced    pain    following    a    non-invasive    biomechanical    therapy:    a    prospective    multi-centre    study    on Singaporean population. 2014; Journal 9:1http://www.josr-online.com/content/9/1/1. 1 8 .    Amanpreet   Kaur,   Apoorv   Narain,   Jagmohan   Singh,   Amandeep   Singh.   A   Study   to   Evaluate   Spatial   Gait   Parameters   in   Patients   of   Osteoarthritic   Knee. 2014;4:2347-6745. 1 9 . Jessica   L.   Asay,   Katherine   A.   Boyer,   Thomas   P.   Andriacchi.   Repeatability   of   Gait   Analysis   for   Measuring   Knee   Osteoarthritis   Pain   in   Patients   with   Severe Chronic Pain. 2013; 31:1007-1012. 2 0 . Zoltan Bejek, Robert Paroczai, Árpad Illyes, Laszlo Kocsis, Rita M. Kiss. Gait parameters of patients with osteoarthritis of the knee joint. 2006;4:9-16. 2 1 . Scott   C.   Landry,   Kelly   A.   McKean,   Cheryl   L.   Hubley   Kozey,   William   D   Stanish,   Kevin   J.   Deluzio,   Landry.   Knee   biomechanics   of   moderate   OA   patients measured during gait at a self-selected and fast walking speed. 2007;40:1754-1761. 2 2 . Takatomo   Mine,   Koichiro   Ihara,   Hiroyuki   Kawamura,   Ryutaro   Kuriyama,   Ryo   Date.   Gait   parameters   in   women   with   bilateral   osteoarthritis   after unilateral versus sequential bilateral total knee arthroplasty. 2015;23:76-9.
International Journal of Physiotherapy and Research ISSN (O): 2321-1822  ISSN (P): 2321-8975 Volume 4 |Issue 5 |  2016 Date of Publication:  11 October 2016 http://ijmhr.org/ijpr.html editor_physiotherapy@hotmail.com HOME ABOUT US EDITORIAL BOARD AUTHOR GUIDELINES SPECIAL SERVICES CONTACT US