Quick Links
How   to   cite   this   Article:    Anil   R   Muragod,   Mana   Yeslawath,   Yashashree   Apte,   Yulia   Gomes.   EFFECT   OF   PROGRESSIVE   RESISTANCE TRAINING   AND   BALANCE   TRAINING   ON   BALANCE   PERFORMANCE   IN   YOUNG   OLD   ADULTS:   RANDOMISED   CLINICAL   TRAIL.    Int   J   Physiother Res 2016;4(5):1646-1651. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2016.151.
Type of Article: Original Research DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijpr.2016.151 Page No.:  1646-1651
EFFECT    OF    PROGRESSIVE    RESISTANCE    TRAINING    AND    BALANCE    TRAINING    ON    BALANCE    PERFORMANCE    IN    YOUNG    OLD    ADULTS: RANDOMISED CLINICAL TRAIL Anil R Muragod 1 , Mana Yeslawath 2 , Yashashree Apte 3 , Yulia Gomes 4 . 1  Assistant Professor, KLEU Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.  *2  Lecturer, KLEU Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India. 3,4  BPT Graduates, KLEU Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India. Address :   Dr.   Mana   Yeslawath.   PT.,      KLEU   Institute   of   Physiotherapy,   JNMC   Campus,   Nehrunagar,   Belagavi,   Karnataka-India,   590010.   Mobile. No.: 91-8861455090.  E-Mail: manayeslawath@gmail.com ABSTRACT: Introduction :   Muscle   size   and      strength   decrease      with      aging   .   Progresssive   resistance   training      also      has      been      proved      to   be      effective   to     improve  the  muscle  strength  and  thus  in  turn reduce  the  risk  of  falls. Materials   and   Methods:       Group   A   was      given      progressive      resistance      training      using      theraband      (   n=15),   and      Group   B   was      given      balance     training   (n=15),   for   3   days   per   week   for      8   weeks   with      duration   of      45   minutes   per   each   session.   Balance   was   assessed   on   the   1st   day   and after 8 weeks. Results :   After   8   weeks   in      both      progressive   resistance         training      and      balance      training         there      was      significant         increase      in      Tinetti     balance      score      and      the      timed      get      up   to   go      test,   scores      decreased      significantly         with      p   value   of      0.001   between   Tinneti   group   showed significant result. Conclusions :   the      result   reflected   that      balance      training   exercises      had   better      improvement   than      the      progressive   resistance   training which  was  analysed in terms  of  balance  improvement risk of falls and  gait  speed. KEY WORDS:  Balance, Balance Training, Progressive Resistance Training, Aging, Falls in Elderly, Timed Up and go Test. References 1 . Sundarlal, Adarsh and  Pankaj, Textbook of  Community Medicine, 3rd  Edition, Geriatrics 709-719. 2 . Nancy    K    Latham    et    al.    systemic    review    of    progressive    resistance    strength    training    in    older    adults,    Journal    of    gerontology    medical    sciences, 2004;59A(1):48-61. 3 . Carolyn Kisner, Lynn Allen Colby, Therapeutic exercise, fifth edition;259 4 . Mikesky   AE,   Topp   R,   Wigglesworth   JK,   Harsha   DM,   Edwards   JE.   Efficacy   of   a   home-based   training   program   for   older   adults   using   elastic   tubing. European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology. 1994 Oct 1;69(4):316-20. 5 . Resistance band and tubing instruction manual vol 4; available at www.therabandacademy.com. 6 . M. Runge et al. Balance training in  geriatric patients, Fenruary 2000. 7 . Shibata   H   (ed)   (1997)   An      overall      survey   on   falls   and      fractures   of      community   elderly.   Report   on   the      studies   by   National   Science   Researech      Grants. No 07307007 Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology, Tokyo page 163. 8 . Maddallozzo GF , Snow CM. High internsity resistance training ;effects on bone in older men and  women. Calcify Tisse Int. 2000;66;399-404. 9 . Takno   Suzuki   et   al,   Randomized   controlled   trial   of   exercise   intervention   for      the      prevention   of   falls   in   community   dwelling   elderly   Japanese   women; Journal of  Bone and Mineral Metabolism; DOI 10,1007/S00774-004-0530.2. 1 0 . Lisa   M.   Cipriany   dacko   et   al;   Interrater   reliability      of   tinetti   balance   scores   in   novice   and   experienced   physical   therapy   clinicians   ,   archieves   of      physical medicine rehabilitation- 1997;78;1160-4. 1 1 . Mathias   S,   Nayak   US,   Isaacs   B;   Balance   in   elderly   patients;   the   “get   up   and   go”   text,   archives   of   physical   medicine   and   rehabilitation1986;   67(6):387- 389. PMID:3487300 1 2 . Pei fang tang et al; Inefficient postural responses to unexpected slips during walking in older adults, March 31, 1998. 1 3 . Marguerite   Elizabeth   Daubney   et   al;   Lower   extremity   muscle   force   and      balance   performance      in   adults   aged   65   years   and      older,   physical   therapy, December 1999 volume 79;12:1177-1185. 1 4 . Shumway   –Cook   A,   Gruber   W,   Baldwin   M,   Liao   S.   The   effect   of   multidimentional   exercises   on   balance,   mobility,   and   fall   risk   in   community   dwelling older phys ther. 1997;77;46-57.1 1 5 . Clemson   L,   Fiatarone   M.A.,   Bundy   A.,   Cumming   R,G   et   al.   Integration   of      balance   and      strength   training   in   to   daily   life   activity   to   reduce   rate   of   falls   in     older people ( the LiFF study); randomized paralled trial. BMJ 2012;345;e4547;1-15. 1 6 . Saurvage   L.R.et   al;   A   clinical   trial   of      strengthening      and      acrobic   exercise   to   improve   gait   and      balance   in   elderly   male   nursing      residents   American Journal Of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Dec1992. 1 7 . Schilcht   J,   Camaione   D.N   Owen   S.V.   Effect   of   intense   strength   training   on   standing   balance,   walking   speed   and   sit-to-stand   performance   in   older adults. J Gerento A Biol Sci Med Sci 2001;56(5);281-286. 1 8 . Frontern MA et al. Strength conditioning in older men; skeletal muscle hypertrophy and improved function. J Appl Physiol 1988;64:1038-1044. 1 9 . Morey   MC,   Cowper   PA   et   al.   Two   year   trends   in   physical   performance   following   supervised   exercise   among   community   dwelling   older   veterans.   J   Am Geriatric society 1991;39:986-992. .
International Journal of Physiotherapy and Research ISSN (O): 2321-1822  ISSN (P): 2321-8975 Volume 4 |Issue 5 |  2016 Date of Publication:  11 October 2016 http://ijmhr.org/ijpr.html editor_physiotherapy@hotmail.com HOME ABOUT US EDITORIAL BOARD AUTHOR GUIDELINES SPECIAL SERVICES CONTACT US