Type of Article : Original Research
Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 4 | Page No. 1616-1621
Date of Publication: 11-08-2016
SHOULDER MUSCLE STRENGTH IN ADULTS WITH AND WITHOUT SHOULDER PAIN
Bhawna *1, N.K.Multani 2, Zile Singh Kundu 3.
1 Assistant Professor, College of Physiotherapy, Pt. B.D.Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, India.
*2 Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, Punjabi University, Patiala, India.
3 Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Pt.B.D.Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, India.
Corresponding author: Dr. Bhawna, PT., Assistant Professor, College of Physiotherapy, Pt. B.D.Sharma University of Health Sciences, Rohtak, India.
Background: Shoulder muscle strength assessment is routinely used in assessment of patients with shoulder pain. Isometric strength testing provides an easy and objective method of strength assessment. The study aims to measure shoulder muscle strength in adults with and without shoulder pain.
Materials and Methods: A digital weight scale dynamometer was used to measure isometric strength of various muscle groups in shoulder. 181 patients with shoulder pain and 181 age and gender matched controls were included in the study. The maximum peak force produced during testing was recorded. The strength recorded was normalised with weight of the subject.
Results and Conclusion: The patients with shoulder pain had significantly less muscle strength and antagonist strength ratio as compared to control group. The normative data of muscle strength measured in control group is presented. The analysis shows females have significantly less muscle strength than males and the strength of dominant arm was significantly higher than non dominant arm.
Key words: Shoulder Strength, Isometric Force, Normalised Muscle Force, Antagonist Strength Ratio.
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Bhawna, N.K.Multani, Zile Singh Kundu. SHOULDER MUSCLE STRENGTH IN ADULTS WITH AND WITHOUT SHOULDER PAIN. Int J Physiother Res 2016;4(4):1578-1582. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2016.149