Type of Article : Original Research
Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 4 | Page No. 1611-1615
Date of Publication: 11-08-2016
TO COMPARE THE EFFECT OF PRANAYAMA AND BREATHING EXERCISES ON EXPIRATORY CAPACITY IN GERIATRIC POPULATION
Associate Professor, P.E.S, Modern College Of Physiotherapy, Sivajinagar, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
Corresponding author: Dr Prachi Deshbhratar (Associate Professor, P.E.S,Modern College of Physiotherapy, Sivajinagar, Pune 411005, Maharashtra, India.
Background: Geriatric population faces so many health related problems like arthritis, obesity, depression, heart disease, respiratory diseases, falls etc. Respiratory diseases includes reduce lung capacities and volumes; reduce chest expansions etc. Pranayama works at mind and body level. It increases lung capacities by developing better lung function and increase the concentration of oxygen in the lungs. It helps to eliminate toxins and strengthen the immune system.
Materials and Methods: Ethical clearance was taken from the institution. Consent were taken from the subjects.60 geriatric subjects (55-75 years) were included in the study from in and around Pune city by simple random sampling method after inclusion and exclusion criteria.
Study design: Quasi experimental study. Subjects were divided into two groups: group A (n=30, experimental) and group B (n=30, control). Group A were given anulomaviloma, brahmari pranayama and group B were given conventional breathing exercises for 12 weeks.
Results: Data were analysed by unpaired t- test with the help of instat 3 softwar. Expiratory capacity (group A - p value is 0.01, group B- p value is 0.04) which shows pranayama is more effective than breathing exercises.
Conclusion: Pranayama is effective in increasing expiratory capacity in geriatrics.
Key words: Geriatric, pranayama, expiratory capacity, anuloma viloma, brahmari.
- Atlanta (GA). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Physical guidelines for everyone: guidelines – how much physical activity do older adults need? February 2011;16.
- Williams MA, Stewart KJ. Impact of strength and resistance training on cardiovascular disease risk factors and outcomes in older adults. ClinGeriatr Med 2009;25(4):703–14.6.
- Lamoth CJ, Stins JF, Pont M, Kerckhoff F, Beek PJ. Effects of attentionon the control of locomotion in individuals with chronic low back pain. J Neuroeng Rehabil 2008;5:13.2.
- Chen KM, Chen MH, Chao HC, Hung HM, Lin HS, et al. Sleep quality,depression state, and health status of older adults after silver yoga exercises:Cluster randomized trial. Int J Nurs Stud. 2009;46(14):154-163.
- DiBenedetto M, Innes KE, Taylor AG, RodeheaverPF,Boxer JA, et al. Effect of a gentle Iyengar yoga program on gait in the elderly: An exploratory study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2005;86:1830-1837.
- Manjunath NK, Telles S. Influence of yoga and Ayurveda on self-ratedsleep in a geriatric population. Indian J Med Res. 2005;121(16):683-690.
Prachi Deshbhratar. TO COMPARE THE EFFECT OF PRANAYAMA AND BREATHING EXERCISES ON EXPIRATORY CAPACITY IN GERIATRIC POPULATION. Int J Physiother Res 2016;4(4):1611-1615. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2016.148