Type of Article : Original Research
Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 3 | Page No. 1569-1576
Date of Publication: 11-06-2016
A COMPARATIVE STUDY TO ANALYZE THE EFFECTS OF CONVENTIONAL RESISTANCE TECHNIQUE VERSUS ELASTIC RESISTANCE TECHNIQUE ON IMPAIRMENTS OF OLDER ADULTS WITH OSTEOARTHRITIS OF KNEE
Zeel Upadhyaya *1, Sunil Rabari 2, Archana Mehta 3.
*1,2 Internee, Shree B G Patel College of Physiotherapy, Anand, Gujarat, India.
2 Assistant Professor, Shree B G Patel College of Physiotherapy, Anand, Gujarat, India.
Corresponding author: Zeel Upadhyaya, Internee, Shree B G Patel College of Physiotherapy, Opp. General Post Office, J.P.Road, Anand (388001), Gujarat, India.
Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic joint disorder in which symptoms and signs like Pain, swelling, loss of range of motion, joint stiffness and bony deformity take place gradually. It is the one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders which affects 5.3% males & 4.8% females in Older adults population (>55 years of age) of India and comprises the leading cause of disability particularly when the knees are affected (a large weight bearing joint) since the ability to walk, to rise from chair & to use stairs are limited. Physical activity programs directed toward older adults with OA have consisted of aerobic modes as well as resistance training has significant positive effect on impairments.
Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of elastic resistance training as an intervention to improve arthritis-related pain (VAS), effects on leg strength (RM), performance-based and self-reported physical function, symptoms of depression outcomes (SF36) and to compare elastic resistance technique with conventional technique & derive benefits of it.
Result: Each of the outcomes compared pre and post exercise in both the groups and the differences are statistically significant at 95% CI (p < 0.05). And finally the comparison between post data of both the group showed the difference which was insignificant at 95% CI and p > 0.05. Paired and unpaired t-test was used.
Conclusion: The result on the bases of the statistical analysis proved the effectiveness of elastic resistance training and conventional training for the Osteoarthritis patients of old age; both treatments are significantly effective. But, Elastic bands are inexpensive, easy to store, convenient for transport and able to provide resistance in multiple directions.
Key Words: Osteoarthritis of Knee, Older adults, Conventional resistance, Elastic resistance.
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Zeel Upadhyaya, Sunil Rabari, Archana Mehta. A COMPARATIVE STUDY TO ANALYZE THE EFFECTS OF CONVENTIONAL RESISTANCE TECHNIQUE VERSUS ELASTIC RESISTANCE TECHNIQUE ON IMPAIRMENTS OF OLDER ADULTS WITH OSTEOARTHRITIS OF KNEE. Int J Physiother Res 2016;4(3):1569-1576. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2016.136