Type of Article : Original Research
Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 3 | Page No. 1535-1539
Date of Publication: 11-06-2016
EFFECT OF BODY MASS INDEX, CENTRAL OBESITY AND CORE MUSCLE ACTIVATION ON PELVIC INCLINATION AND LUMBOSACRAL ANGLE IN INDIVIDUALS WITH LOW BACK PAIN: AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
Santosh Metgud 1, Shruti Naik *2, Anand Heggannavar 3.
1 Associate Professor and HOD of Orthopedic Manual Therapy , KLE University’s Institute of Physiotherapy .Belagavi, Karnataka, India.
*2 Post Graduate Student, Department of Orthopedic Manual Therapy, KLE University’s Institute of Physiotherapy. Belagavi, Karnataka, India.
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Manual Therapy, KLE University Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.
Corresponding author: Dr. Shruti Naik, PT., Post Graduate Student, Department of Orthopedic Manual Therapy, KLE University’s Institute of Physiotherapy. Belagavi, Karnataka, India.
Background: Obesity is an increasing problem of epidemic proportion, and is associated with various musculoskeletal disorders, including impairment of spine . Obesity is a condition of accumulation of excessive fat in adipose tissues which leads to sever health issues. Low back pain is a leading cause of disability . It can be due to specific or non specific causes. The lumbar spine in obese individuals becomes hyperlordotic, which is a risk factor for low back pain and poor posture.
Purpose: To assess the effect of body mass index, central obesity and core muscle activation on the spino-pelvic parameters in individuals with low back pain.
Study Design: Prospective Correlation Study.
Materials and Methods: An observational study with 30 participants was conducted. Parameters measured were angle of pelvic inclination, lumbosacral angle, core muscle activation using a pressure biofeedback and low back pain was assessed using modified oswestry back pain disability questionnaire. Subjects were classified based on BMI i.e. ≥24.BMI was calculated according to the formula weight(kgs) divided with height(mts) 2.
Result: The results showed significance in central obesity based on gender with a p value 0.0005. Core muscle activation level showed a negative t value. Correlation between pelvic inclination and BMI found to be significant with a p-value of 0.0043, with lumbosacral angle 0.0370 and core muscle activation 0.0177.
Conclusion: Individuals with low back pain showed higher degree of pelvic inclination angle and lumbosacral angle, with a reduced core muscle activation.
Key Words: Body mass index, Central obesity, Low back Pain, Pelvic inclination, Lumbosacral Angle, Core muscle activation.
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Santosh Metgud, Shruti Naik, Anand Heggannavar. EFFECT OF BODY MASS INDEX, CENTRAL OBESITY AND CORE MUSCLE ACTIVATION ON PELVIC INCLINATION AND LUMBOSACRAL ANGLE IN INDIVIDUALS WITH LOW BACK PAIN: AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY. Int J Physiother Res 2016;4(3):1535-1539. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2016.126