Type of Article : Original Research
Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 3 | Page No. 1530-1534
Date of Publication: 11-06-2016
A CORRELATION BETWEEN LEG-HEEL ALIGNMENT, TIBIAL TORSION AND Q ANGLE AMONGST NORMAL, OVERWEIGHT AND OBESE INDIVIDUALS
Anand Heggannavar 1, Laxmi Battula *2, Santosh Metgud 3.
1 Assistant Professor, Orthopaedic Manual Therapy, KLE University Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.
*2 Post-Graduation student, Orthopaedic Manual Therapy, KLE University Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.
3 Associate professor, Head of Department, Orthopaedic Manual therapy, KLE University Institte of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.
Corresponding author: Dr. Laxmi Battula. PT., Post-Graduation student, Orthopaedic Manual Therapy, KLE University Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.
Background: Excess weight puts a strain on every part of your body. Foot problems in obese adults are most important. The position and function of the foot and ankle affect the stresses transmitted to the knee.
Purpose: To measure and to find correlation between leg-heel alignment, tibial torsion and Q angle in normal, overweight and obese individuals.
Materials and Methods: 60 normal, overweight and obese subjects were include with mean age 30.6±5.98, 30.9±5.98 and 29.6±4.87 respectively, with each group 20 subjects. Normal subjects with BMI prime between 0.74 to 1.0 were group A, overweight subjects with BMI prime 1.0 to 1.2 were group B and obese subjects with BMI >1.2 were group C. Of each subject leg-heel alignment, tibial torsion and Q angle will be measured using measuring tape, plumb line and goniometer and correlation is studied.
Results: Q angle, tibial torsion and leg-heel alignment were statistically analysed amongst normal, overweight and obese using ANOVA and comparison between 2 groups with ANCOVA. Mean Q angle, tibial torsion and leg heel alignment in normal right leg were 17.9, 13.35, 4.7 and for left leg were 18, 14.25, 4.55 respectively. Similarly, in overweight right leg the values were 19.5, 16.5, 5.8 and in left leg were 20, 16.18, 5.35 respectively. Whereas, in obese right leg values were 21.2, 15.5, 6.35 and in left were 22.6,15.5, 6.6 respectively. There was significant difference in Q angle between normal and obese in right (p=0.022); left (p=0.001), In right, tibial torsion between normal and overweight (p=0.001); normal and obese (p=0.031) and in leg-heel alignment significant difference is seen between normal and obese in right (p=0.032).
Conclusion: With increase in weight there are changes seen in Q angle, tibial torsion and leg heel alignment.
Key Words: Obesity, Q angle, Tibial Torsion, Leg-heel Alignment.
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Anand Heggannavar, Laxmi Battula, Santosh Metgud. A CORRELATION BETWEEN LEG-HEEL ALIGNMENT, TIBIAL TORSION AND Q ANGLE AMONGST NORMAL, OVERWEIGHT AND OBESE INDIVIDUALS. Int J Physiother Res 2016;4(3):1530-1534. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2016.125