Type of Article : Original Research
Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 2 | Page No. 1423-1428
Date of Publication: 11-04-2016
ASSESSMENT OF FUNCTIONAL PERFORMANCE OF LOWER EXTREMITY AND EFFECT OF LEG DOMINANCE ON THE SAME IN YOUNG ASYMPTOMATIC INDIVIDUALS
Manali S. Desai * 1, Vishakha Patil 2, Rajashree Naik 3.
*1 Post Graduate, Physiotherapy Teaching & Treatment centre, L.T.M.M. College & Gen. Hospital, Sion, Mumbai, Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik, India.
2 Assistant Professor, Physiotherapy Teaching & Treatment centre, L.T.M.M. College & Gen. Hospital, Sion, Mumbai, India.
3 Professor, Head of Department, Physiotherapy Teaching & Treatment centre, L.T.M.M. College & Gen. Hospital, Sion, Mumbai, India.
Corresponding author: Dr. Manali S. Desai, Assistant Professor, DPO Nett College of Physiotherapy, Thane, Maharashtra, India.
Background: Functional Performance is one’s ability to participate and move through different planes of movement in safe and timely manner without functional limitations. Square hop test, type of Functional Performance test aims to measure neuromuscular coordination by placing combined frontal and rotational stress on the lower extremity. Sedentary population may develop significant bilateral asymmetry in lower limbs due to constant overload on the jumping leg depending upon different kind of daily activities. Clinicians often use functional performance test (FPT) in lower extremity rehabilitation without taking limb dominance into consideration.
Objectives: To determine time taken to complete square hop test in young asymptomatic individuals and to observe the effect of dominance on square hop test.
Study Design: Observational, Cross sectional study
Method: 60 healthy, asymptomatic individuals between 18- 25 years were selected using systematic sampling. Time taken to complete the square hop test was noted , first with dominant leg followed by non-dominant leg with a rest pause of 4 minutes. Two trials of each leg were noted and mean time taken by both dominant and non-dominant leg was used for statistical analysis.
Results: There was significant statistical difference in time taken for performing Square hop test between dominant and non-dominant legs (5.11 + 14.06) using Unpaired t test (p<0.05). Again moderate (0.31) clinical difference in time taken to complete the test using Cohen et al Phenomenon of effect size.
Conclusion: we found that the subjects performed the test for more time on the dominant leg as compared to the non-dominant leg and observed that leg dominance had an effect on performance of square hop test.
Key Words: Functional Performance Test, Square hop test, Leg Dominance, Effect Size.
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Manali S. Desai, Vishakha Patil, Rajashree Naik. ASSESSMENT OF FUNCTIONAL PERFORMANCE OF LOWER EXTREMITY AND EFFECT OF LEG DOMINANCE ON THE SAME IN YOUNG ASYMPTOMATIC INDIVIDUALS. Int J Physiother Res 2016;4(2):1423-1428. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2016.110