Type of Article : Original Research
Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 2 | Page No. 1401-1407
Date of Publication: 11-04-2016
EFFECTS OF YOGASANA ON BALANCE IN GERIATRIC POPULATION
Dheli Kadachha *1, Neela Soni 2, Ankur Parekh 3.
*1 Assistant professor, School of physiotherapy, RK University, Rajkot, Gujarat, India.
2 Principal, Khyati institute of physiotherapy, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.
3 Assistant professor, School of physiotherapy, RK University, Rajkot, Gujarat, India.
Corresponding author: Dr Dheli Kadachha, Assistant professor, School of physiotherapy, RK University, Rajkot, Gujarat, India.
Background: Geriatric population is defined as population aged 60 years and above. Currently, India has the second largest aged population in the world. Due to aging processes, diseases and inactivity, balance often is impaired among older people. The impairment can lead to dramatic consequences such as dependency in ADL, administration to nursing homes, falls and fractures. Complementary and alternative therapies, such as yoga, are theorized to be more therapeutic than traditional exercise because of the mind-body component. Yoga requires the stretching of major muscle groups to improve physical strength and flexibility. Yoga, with its gentle movements, can address known fall risk factors like poor balance, impaired mobility, reduced strength and flexibility and focus on increased awareness and proprioception, resulting in improved balance in older adult.
Objective: The objective of the study was to see the effects of yoga on balance in geriatric population.
Materials and Methodology: 60 healthy elderly volunteers aged 60 years and above both male and female were selected from different old age homes of ahmedabad city and randomly divided in to 2 groups. Group A: experimental and group B: control. General characteristics (age, gender) were collected. Experimental group performed yoga for 6 weeks,six days in a week for 45 to 50 minutes; including 5-10 minutes of warm up focused on slow dynamic muscle movements with shoulder/arm circling, neck rolling. This was followed by 25-30 minutes of asanas consisting of following poses: pavanmuktasana, sputa matsyendrasana, setu bandha sarvangasana, bhujangasana, ardh-paschimottasana, paschimottasana, parvatasana, marjarasana, trikonasana, virbhadrasana, uttkatasana, and vrikshasana. Session was ended with 5-10 min of relaxation with savasana. Subjects of control group were asked to report after six weeks. BBS and TUG scores were taken as pre and post data.
Result: The result shows that there is statistically significant improvement in balance after 6 week of yoga practice in elderly individuals compared to a control group at 5% significance level.
Conclusion: Yogasana is effective in improving balance in elderly individuals compared to control group. It can be applied clinically for improving balance in geriatric population.
Key Words: Geriatric, Elderly, Balance, Yogasana, BBS, TUG Test.
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Dheli Kadachha, Neela Soni, Ankur Parekh. EFFECTS OF YOGASANA ON BALANCE IN GERIATRIC POPULATION. Int J Physiother Res 2016;4(2):1401-1407. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2016.107