Type of Article : Original Research
Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 1 | Page No. 1360-1364
Date of Publication: 11-02-2016
COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF SQUARE STEPPING EXERCISES VERSUS BALANCE TRAINING EXERCISES ON FEAR OF FALL AND BALANCE IN ELDERLY POPULATION
Shah Ravi Jyotikant.
Lecturer cum PG Guide at "The Sarvajanik College Of Physiotherapy" Surat, Gujarat, India.
Corresponding author: Dr. Shah Ravi Jyotikant, Lecturer cum PG Guide at " The Sarvajanik College Of Physiotherapy" Surat, Gujarat, India.
Background: Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES), splinting and Neurodevelopmental Therapy techniques are frequently used by the physiotherapist as an intervention for patients with stroke ( Cerebrovascular accident )with limited or impaired functional ability, ROM and pain. Hence the present study was done to compare the effectiveness between NMES and splinting, both administered along with NDT for improving hand function in hemiplegic patients.
Materials and Methods: Out of 30 subjects who were diagnosed as having sub acute stroke and who showed a typical restriction of functional ability, ROM and pain of hand, 15 were administered NMES along with NDT for 4weeks and the other 15 were administered splinting along with NDT for 4weeks. Analysis was based on the improvement of the motor function of hand using ARAT Score.
Results: The improvement in functional outcome showed a mean of 15.133 with t-value 18.824 in Group A ( NMES along with NDT ) and a mean of 18.0000 with t-value 31.632 in Group B ( splinting along with NDT ); comparison showed to be highly significant with p=0.007. The result indicates that both NMES and Splinting with NDT are effective in improving motor function of hand in patients with stroke, however, Splinting with NDT seems to be better compared to NMES with NDT.
Conclusion: In conclusion the treatment programme consisting of Splinting with NDT may be more effective in improving motor and functional recovery of hemiplegics than NMES with NDT
KEY WORDS: Hemiplegia, motor recovery, electrical stimulation.
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Shah Ravi Jyotikant. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF EFFECTIVENESS BETWEEN ELECTRICAL-STIMULATION AND SPLINTING TECHNIQUES USED ALONG WITH NEURODEVELOPMENTAL TREATMENT FOR IMPROVING HAND FUNCTION IN HEMIPLEGIC PATIENTS. Int J Physiother Res 2016;4(1):1360-1364. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2015.208