International Journal of Physiotherapy and Research

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Type of Article : Original Research

Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 1 | Page No. 1345-1351

Date of Publication: 11-02-2016

DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2015.188


M.Seshagirirao * 1, Sudesh Thalathoti 2, Sumaiya Kauser Shaik 3.

*1 M.P.T., Sports Medicine, Assistant Professor, SIMS College of Physiotherapy, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.
2 M.P.T., Sports Medicine, SIMS College of Physiotherapy, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.
3 B.P.T., SIMS College of Physiotherapy, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Corresponding author: Dr.M.Seshagirirao, M.P.T. Sports Medicine, Assistant Professor, SIMS College of Physiotherapy, Mangaldasnagar, Guntur-522001, Andhra Pradesh, India. Phone: +917799434608.


Background and Purpose: The most common form of meniscal injury is mechanical failure of the tissue due to degeneration or trauma resulting in a tear. In a recent study by Shaji et al (2013) states that OKC and CKC are used often in clinical settings to treat patient’s lower extremity injuries. No study is there on effect of OKC and CKC on strength and stability of knee in meniscal instability.
Materials and Methods: Thirty athletes were randomly selected into two groups of fifteen each based on inclusion and exclusion criteria and were given OKC exercises in one group, CKC exercises in another for one month. Pre-treatment and post-treatment values of hamstrings and quadriceps muscle strength and knee function score were measured and analysed statistically.
Results: Results showed that P value is < 0.0001 for strength in hamstrings (OKC) extremely significant and P value is 0.0080 for quadriceps (OKC) very significant and P value is 0.0004 for stability in both groups is extremely significant.
Conclusion: OKC and CKC exercises both were effective in improving knee strength and stability, but in OKC strength improvement is better than CKC and in CKC stability is better improved.
Key words: OKC, CKC, Knee Strength, Lysholm knee scoring system, Meniscal instability.


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M.Seshagirirao, Sudesh Thalathoti, Sumaiya Kauser Shaik. EFFECTIVENESS OF OPEN KINEMATIC CHAIN EXERCISES VERSUS CLOSED KINEMATIC CHAIN EXERCISES OF KNEE IN MENISCAL INSTABILITY ATHLETES. Int J Physiother Res 2016;4(1):1345-1351. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2015.188




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