Type of Article : Original Research
Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 6 | Page No. 1271-1283
Date of Publication: 11-12-2015
MANAGEMENT OF POSTURAL LOW BACK PAIN AMONG THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY PROFESSIONALS: A MULTIPLE THERAPUETIC INTERVENTION APPROACH
Shahul Hameed Pakkir Mohamed *1, S. Alagesan 2, Arun Vijay Subbarayalu 3.
*1 Senior Physiotherapy Specialist, Department of Physiotherapy, King Fahd Hospital of the University, University of Dammam, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia.
2 Professor, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, Coimbatore, India.
3 Director, Quality Studies and Research Unit, Deanship of Quality and Academic Accreditation, University of Dammam, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.
Corresponding author: Shahul Hameed Pakkir Mohamed, MPT., PhD., PT., Senior Physiotherapy Specialist, Department of Physiotherapy, King Fahd Hospital of the University, University of Dammam, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia.
Objective: This study aimed to find out the effectiveness of multiple therapeutic intervention combinations to manage Postural Low back pain among the Information Technology [IT] Professionals.
Study design: The randomized control study design.
Materials and Methods: All the subjects (N=90) were randomized into three groups which consists of one control and two experimental groups. The subjects in the Experimental group I were given Motor Control Training and Ergonomic Training whereas the Experimental group II were given Myofascial Release, Motor Control Training and Ergonomic Training was given for a period of 6 weeks that includes first 3 weeks of Myofascial Release along with Motor Control Training and Ergonomic Training, further the Motor Control Training and Ergonomic Training was continued for the period of 4 to 6 weeks duration. The subjects in the control group were not given any therapeutic modalities throughout the study. The effectiveness of the therapeutic interventions were measured through three outcome parameters such as Back pain intensity, Back pain disability and Transversus Abdominis muscle strength. The Analysis of Covariance and Scheffe’s post hoc tests were applied to study the treatment effectiveness. The effectiveness of the therapeutic intervention at three different time intervals was also analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA and if found significant, a Newman Keul’s post hoc tests was employed to study the significance between two time intervals.
Results & Conclusion: The results of this study concluded that the Experimental group-II is found to be better than Experimental group-I and Control group in the reduction of Low Back pain intensity, Back pain disability and Transversus Abdominis muscle strength of the Software professionals with Postural low back pain.
KEY WORDS: Postural Low back pain, Myofascial Release, Information Technology employees, Ergonomic Training, Motor Control Training.
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Shahul Hameed Pakkir Mohamed, S. Alagesan, Arun Vijay Subbarayalu. MANAGEMENT OF POSTURAL LOW BACK PAIN AMONG THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY PROFESSIONALS: A MULTIPLE THERAPUETIC INTERVENTION APPROACH. Int J Physiother Res 2015;3(6):1271-1283. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2015.191