Type of Article : Original Research
Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 5 | Page No. 1258-1262
Date of Publication: 11-10-2015
INTER-RATER AND INTRA-RATER RELIABILITY OF ACTIVE HIP ABDUCTION TEST FOR STANDING INDUCED LOW BACK PAIN
Mansi Shah *1, Pravin Aaron 2, Subin Solomen 3.
*1 Lecturer, Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy, Ashok & Rita Patel Institute of Physiotherapy, Gujarat, India.
2 Professor and Principal, Padmashree Institute of Physiotherapy, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
3 Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, Padmashree Institute of Physiotherapy, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
Corresponding author: Dr. Mansi Shah. PT., Lecturer, Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy, Ashok & Rita Patel Institute of Physiotherapy, Gujarat 388 421, India.
Background: Active hip abduction test (AHAbd) has previously been shown to be a reliable tool for predicting low back pain development during a prolonged standing exposure in previously asymptomatic individuals, but the reliability of AHAbd on patients with standing induced occupational low back pain has not been established. As it is an observation based test, reliability among different raters and same rater must be established. The purpose of this study was to investigate the inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of the AHAbd test as a diagnostic instrument in subjects with standing induced occupational low back pain.
Materials and Methods: A total of 30 subjects were assessed with 1 day interval to find out intra-rater reliability and the same 30 subjects were examined independently on the same day by two therapists to get the inter-rater reliability. Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs) were calculated for reliability statistics.
Results and Discussions: AHAbd test demonstrated higher intra-rater reliability that is 0.91 (95% CI: .82-.85) than inter-rater reliability which was 0.83 (95% CI: .82-.95), although both were moderate to good for patients with standing induced low back pain.
Conclusions: AHAbd test may prove useful as part of an ergonomic assessment but its level of reliability warrants cautions for its sole use when assessing low back pain induced by prolonged standing.
KEY WORDS: AHAbd test, low back pain, prolonged standing, reliability, teachers, lumbo-pelvic control.
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Mansi Shah, Pravin Aaron, Subin Solomen. INTER-RATER AND INTRA-RATER RELIABILITY OF ACTIVE HIP ABDUCTION TEST FOR STANDING INDUCED LOW BACK PAIN. Int J Physiother Res 2015;3(5):1258-1262. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2015.187