Type of Article : Original Research
Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 5 | Page No. 1233-1238
Date of Publication: 11-10-2015
PHYSIOTHERAPEUTIC STUDY ANALYZING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BODY COMPOSITION AND LUNG FUNCTION
T. Ankit kaur 1, Rohit Subhedar *2, Pallavi Dave 3, Priyanka Mishra 4, Dirgha Sharma 5.
*1 Ex. Senior Physiotherapist, Multi Specialty Department of Physiotherapy, Bombay Hospital, Indore, India.
2 Head of the Department, Multi Specialty Department of Physiotherapy, B.H.I, India.
3 Senior Physiotherapist, Multi Specialty Department of Physiotherapy, B.H.I, India.
4 Senior Physiotherapist, Multi Specialty Department of Physiotherapy, B.H.I, India.
5 Ex. Assistant Physiotherapist, Multi Specialty Department of Physiotherapy, B.H.I, India.
Corresponding author: Dr. Rohit Subhedar, PT., Head of the Department, Multi Specialty Department of Physiotherapy, Bombay Hospital, Indore, India.
Background: Influence of body composition on lung functions is of enormous clinical importance. Impaired lung functions particularly low forced vital capacity (FVC), low forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and FVC & FEV1 ratio are associated with increased morbidity and mortality, and it is also well recognized that severe clinical obesity is associated with impairment of lung function. The aim of our study is to observe the correlation between pulmonary function and body composition parameters on individuals with different body mass index.
Methods: 150 subjects consist of 75 males and 75 females in the age group of 40 to 60 years, were classified into normal weight, overweight and obese grade 1 groups according to the WHO guidelines. The body composition measured by using the Bioelectric Impedance based Tanita BC-418 and pulmonary functions assessed by using computerized Jaeger Master scope.
Results: Results of statistical analysis showed that the fat free mass of normal male was identified as the strongly significant predictor of variation in pulmonary function parameters such as FVC (p<0.006) and FEV 1s (p<0.008) in comparison to normal female (p>0.05). The BMI (p<0.002) and FFM (p<0.001) detected as strongly significant while TF% (p<0.05) identified as significant predictor of variation in FVC of the obese grade 1 male (Group C). It was also found that the BMI (p<0.001), TF% (p<0.004) and FFM (p<0.001) of obese grade 1 male strongly impacted the FEV 1s. The ratio (FVC/FEV 1s) was less significantly (p>0.05) by BMI FFM and TF% of obese grade 1 male.
Conclusion: A significant positive correlation was observed between fat free mass and FCV and FEV1. Body fat percentage and trunk fat percentage had a stronger correlation than BMI.
KEY WORDS: Forced vital capacity, Forced expiratory volume in 1sec, Body mass index, Body fat percentage, Trunk fat percentage, Fat free mass.
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Ankit kaur, Rohit Subhedar, Pallavi Dave, Priyanka Mishra, Dirgha Sharma. PHYSIOTHERAPEUTIC STUDY ANALYZING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BODY COMPOSITION AND LUNG FUNCTION. Int J Physiother Res 2015;3(5):1233-1238. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2015.182