Type of Article : Original Research
Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 4 | Page No. 1175-1179
Date of Publication: 11-08-2015
A STUDY TO DETERMINE THE ASSOCIATION OF BODY MASS INDEX WITH PERFORMANCE-BASED MEASURES OF BALANCE AND MOBILITY IN YOUNG ADULTS
Madhuri Gaur *, Kunjal Parekh .
Jr. Lecturer, BITS Institute of Physiotherapy, Varnama, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.
Corresponding author: Dr. Madhuri Gaur, Jr. Lecturer, BITS Institute of Physiotherapy, Varnama, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.
Background: The incidence of obesity is increasing in younger adults, with associated worsening of disability. Little is known about the impact of body mass index (BMI) on performance-based balance and mobility measures in younger adults.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the association of BMI with measures of balance and mobility.
Methods: Young adults who participated in the study (N=50) were classified as normal weight, overweight, moderately obese, or severely obese. Mobility and balance were assessed by performance-based measures. Pearson correlation test was used to examine the association among BMI, mobility, and balance after controlling for potential confounding variables.
Results: There is a significant correlation between mobility and BMI at 0.01 levels. There is also a significant correlation between balance and BMI, though there was no correlation found between standing with narrow base balance and BMI.
Conclusions: Higher BMI levels are associated with poorer mobility and balance. Furthermore, individuals classified as being of normal weight and those classified as overweight were similar in mobility and balance, whereas individuals with obesity had greater impairments in mobility and balance.
KEY WORDS: Balance, Mobility, Body Mass Index (BMI), Weight, Obesity, Impairment.
- Mendez MA, Monteiro CA, Popkin BM. Overweight exceeds underweight among women in most developing countries. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005;81:714–721.
- Kopelman PG. Obesity as a medical problem. Nature. 2000;404:635–643.
- Pi-Sunyer FX. Medical hazards of obesity. Ann Intern Med. 1993;119(7pt2):655–660.
- Han TS, Tijhuis MA, Lean ME, Seidell JC. Quality of life in relation to overweight and body fat distribution. Am J Public Health. 1998;88:1814–1820.
- Blaum CS, Xue QL, Michelon E. The association between obesity and the frailty syndrome in older women: the Women's Health and Aging Studies. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2005;53:927–934.
- Clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults: executive summary; Expert Panel on the Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight in Adults. Am J Clin Nutr. 1998;68:899–917.
- Browning RC, Baker EA, Herron JA, Kram R. Effects of obesity and sex on the energetic cost and preferred speed of walking. J Appl Physiol. 2006;100:390–398.
- De Souza SA, Faintuch J, Valezi AC, et al. Gait cinematic analysis in morbidly obese patients. Obes Surg. 2005;15:1238–1242.
- Corbeil P, Simoneau M, Rancourt D, et al. Increased risk for falling associated with obesity: mathematical modeling of postural control. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2001;9:126–136.
- LaCroix AZ, Guralnik JM, Berkman LF, et al. Maintaining mobility in late life; II: smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, and body mass index. Am J Epidemiol. 1993;137:858–869.
- Lai PP, Leung AK, Li AN et al. Three-dimensional gait analysis of obese adults. Clinical Biomechanics 2008;23(Suppl.1):S2–S6.
- Wearing SC, Hennig EM, Byrne NM et al. The biomechanics of restricted movement in adult obesity. Obesity Reviews 2006;7:13–24.
- Wolpert DM & Miall RC. Forward models for physiological motor control. Neural Networks 1996;9:1265–1279.
- Adolph KE, Joh AS, Franchak JM et al. Flexibility in the development of action. In: The psychology of action. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008;2:399–426.
- Hue O, Simoneau M, Marcotte J, Berrigan F, Doré J, Marceau P, Tremblay A, Marceau S, Teasdale N. Body weight is a strong predictor of postural stability. Gait Posture 2007;26(1):32-38.
Madhuri Gaur, Kunjal Parekh. A STUDY TO DETERMINE THE ASSOCIATION OF BODY MASS INDEX WITH PERFORMANCE-BASED MEASURES OF BALANCE AND MOBILITY IN YOUNG ADULTS. Int J Physiother Res 2015;3(4):1175-1179. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2015.163