Type of Article : Original Research
Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 4 | Page No. 1111-1116
Date of Publication: 07-07-2015
EVALUATION OF COMPONENTS OF ENERGY EXPENDITURE IN INDIAN PHYSIOTHERAPY STUDENTS: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY
Renu B. Pattanshetty *, Ceona Chopde .
Department of Cardio-Pulmonary Physiotherapy, KLEU Institute Of Physiotherapy, Jn Medical College Campus Belagavi, Karnataka, India.
Corresponding author: Dr.Renu B. Pattanshetty MPT; Ph.D., Department of Cardio-Pulmonary Physiotherapy, KLEU Institute Of Physiotherapy, JN Medical College Campus, Belagavi-590010, Karnataka, India. Mob. No: +91-9448482564
Background and Objectives: Energy expenditure (EE) is the total energy cost of maintaining homeostasis. Therefore, it is important to adjust the individual’s nutritional supply and physical activities. Numerous studies suggest evaluation of energy expenditure in various Caucasian and few studies in Asian population. However there is dearth of literature relating to evaluation of components of energy expenditure in Indian physiotherapy student population. Hence, the present study was taken up to evaluate EE in terms of basal metabolic rate, resting metabolic rate, thermic effect of exercise, total daily calorie expenditure in Indian physiotherapy students and to find the correlation between anthropometric measurements and components of EE.
Materials and methodology: A total of 100 Physiotherapy students who participated were subjected to anthropometric measurements (BMI, waist-hip ratio). Energy expenditure was calculated using Harris-Benedict’s and Mifflin’s equation. RMR and TEE were also calculated as per FAO guidelines.
Results: Miffin’s equation demonstrated statistically significant differences (p<0.001) between normal, overweight and obese students. However, using Harris Benedict equation showed no statistically difference (p=0.164) between overweight and obese group. Also when compared Miffin to gold standard equation (i.e Harris Benedict),it was found that Miffin was more accurate among nonobese students. RMR, TEE and TDCE (r=0.677, r=0.512, r=0.609) respectively were highly significant (p≤0.05) when compared between normal BMI, overweight and obese students. There was a positive correlation between the components of EE and the anthropometric measurements
Conclusion: This pilot study concludes that Miffin’s equation demonstrated a strong positive correlation among all the three groups as compared to Harris Benedict equation and may be considered as an accurate equation among all the three groups in Indian physiotherapy student population.
KEY WORDS: Energy expenditure, Harris-Benedict, Miffin’s equation, Thermic effect of exercise (TEE), Body mass index, Waist-hip ratio, Obesity.
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Renu B. Pattanshetty, Ceona Chopde. EVALUATION OF COMPONENTS OF ENERGY EXPENDITURE IN INDIAN PHYSIOTHERAPY STUDENTS: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY. Int J Physiother Res 2015;3(4):1111-1116. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2015.152