Type of Article : Review
Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 3 | Page No. 1086-1090
Date of Publication: 11-06-2015
MIRROR THERAPY: A REVIEW OF EVIDENCES
Aishath Najiha 1, Jagatheesan Alagesan *2, Vandana J. Rathod 3, Poongundran Paranthaman 4.
*1 Internee, Saveetha College of physiotherapy, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
2 Professor, Saveetha College of physiotherapy, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
3 Lecturer, SPB Physiotherapy College, Ugat Bhesan Road, Surat, India.
4 Principal, Sigma Institute of Physiotherapy, Vadodara, India.
Corresponding author: Dr. Jagatheesan Alagesan, PT, PhD, Professor, Saveetha College of physiotherapy, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. India - 602105. Mobile: +91 72999 05242
The aim of this review was to identify and summarize the existing evidences on mirror box therapy for the management of various musculoskeletal conditions. A systemic literature search was performed to identify studies concerning mirror therapy. The included journal articles were reviewed and assessed for its significance. Fifty one studies were identified and reviewed. Five different patient categories were studied: 24 studies focussed on mirror therapy after stroke, thirteen studies focussed on mirror therapy after an amputation, three studies focussed on mirror therapy with complex regional pain syndrome patients, two studies on mirror therapy for cerebral palsy and one study focussed on mirror therapy after a fracture. The articles reviewed showed a trend that mirror therapy is effective in stroke, phantom limb pain, complex regional pain syndrome, cerebral palsy and fracture rehabilitation.
KEY WORDS: Mirror Therapy, Stroke, Cerebral Palsy, Fracture Rehabilitation.
- Ramachandran, V. S.; Rogers-Ramachandran, D. C. Synaesthesia in phantom limbs induced with mirrors. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 1996;(263(1369)):377–386, doi:10.1098/rspb.1996.0058, PMID 8637922
- Moseley, GL; Gallace, A; Spence, C. Is mirror therapy all it is cracked up to be? Current evidence and future directions. PAIN 2008;138(1):7–10. doi:10.1016/j.pain.2008.06.026, PMID 18621484
- Bowering KJ, O'Connell NE, Tabor A, Catley MJ, Leake HB, Moseley GL, Stanton TR., The effects of graded motor imagery and its components on chronic pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Pain. 2013;14(1):3-13. doi: 10.1016/j.jpain.2012.09.007. Epub 2012 Nov 15.
- Lin KC, Huang PC, Chen YT, Wu CY, Huang WL. Combining Afferent Stimulation and Mirror Therapy for Rehabilitating Motor Function, Motor Control, Ambulation, and Daily Functions after Stroke. Neuro rehabil Neural Repair; 2014; 28(2):153-62.
- Jack W. Tsao. Phantom Limb Pain May Be Reduced By Simple Mirror Treatment. ScienceDaily;24 November 2007.
- Max G. Feltham, AnnickLedebt, Simon J. Bennett, et al. The “Mirror Box” Illusion: Effect of Visual Information on Bimanual Coordination in Children with Spastic Hemiparetic Cerebral Palsy. Motor Control; 2010;14(1):68-82.
- G.L Moseley. Graded motor imagery is effective for long-standing complex regional pain syndrome: a randomised controlled trial. Pain; 2004;108(1): 192–198.
- Altschuler EL, Hu J. Mirror therapy in a patient with a fractured wrist and no active wrist extension. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg Hand Surg; 2008;42(2):110-1.
- Kelly Lamont, May Chin, Mikhail Kogan. Mirror Box Therapy – Seeing is Believing. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing; 2011;7(6):369-372.
- Oujamaa L, Relave I, Froger J, Mottet D, Pelissier JY. Rehabilitation of arm
- Sathian K, Greenspan AI, Wolf SL. Doing it with mirrors: A case study of a novel approach to neurorehabilitation. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2000;14(1):73-6.
- Rothgangel AS, Braun SM, Beurskens AJ, Seitz RJ,Wade DT. The clinical aspects of mirror therapy in rehabilitation: a systematic review of the literature. Int J Rehabil Res; 2011 Mar; 34(1):1-13.
- Sharon Fong Mei Toh, Kenneth N.K. Fong. Systematic Review on the Effectiveness of Mirror Therapy in Training Upper Limb Hemiparesis after Stroke.Hong Kong Journal of Occupational Therapy. December 2012;22(2):84–95.
Aishath Najiha, Jagatheesan Alagesan, Vandana J. Rathod, Poongundran Paranthaman. MIRROR THERAPY: A REVIEW OF EVIDENCES. Int J Physiother Res 2015;3(3):1086-1090. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2015.148