Type of Article : Original Research
Year: 2015 | Volume 3 | Issue 3 | Page No. 1037-1041
Date of Publication: 11-06-2015
SCREENING OF BODY MASS INDEX AND FUNCTIONAL FLATFOOT IN ADULT: AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
Ashwini Chougala 1, Vidit Phanse *2, Erohit Khanna 3, Sudipta Panda 4.
1 Lecturer, Dept. of Physiotherapy, KLE'U Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.
2,3,4 BPT Intern, Dept. of Physiotherapy, KLEU'S Institute of Physiotherapy, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.
Corresponding author: Dr. Vidit Phanse, BPT Intern, BPT Intern, Dept. of Physiotherapy, KLEU'S Institute of Physiotherapy, JNMC Campus, Nehru Nagar, Karnataka, India Belagavi - 590 010, Karnataka, India.
Background: There is a relation between flatfoot and increased Body Mass Index (BMI). Increased weight leads to increase plantar pressure causing reduced distance between ground and arches of the foot. The purpose of the present study is to estimate the prevalence of flat feet in college going students, to determine the relationship between flat foot and Body Mass Index (BMI), and to compare prevalence of flat foot among college boys and girls.
Materials and Method: Samples were taken according to willingness for participation; informed consent was given and signed from them. Height and weight of subjects were measured by using standard apparatus. Total numbers of males screened were 46 and females were 182. BMI was considered as the index of obesity .The international BMI cut–off values were used to determine obesity (BMI> 95th percentile), and foot structure assessment was performed with Denis Method. Significant relationship between obesity and flatfoot was observed.
Result: A significant relationship (P≤0.01) was found between the prevalence of flatfoot and BMI. Also males were found to have higher prevalence of flatfoot than women in the age group of 18-25 years.
Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that there is relationship between increased weight of person and structure of the foot. Males are more prone to flatfoot than females in the age group of 18-25 years.
KEY WORDS: Flat foot, Body Mass Index, Obesity.
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Ashwini Chougala, Vidit Phanse, Erohit Khanna, Sudipta Panda. SCREENING OF BODY MASS INDEX AND FUNCTIONAL FLATFOOT IN ADULT: AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY. Int J Physiother Res 2015;3(3):1037-1041. DOI: 10.16965/ijpr.2015.133