Quick Links
How   to   cite   this   Article:    Thoudam   Bedita   Devi,   Th.   Naranbabu   Singh,   S.   Jibonkumar   Singh,   Binod   Kumar   Tamang.    FACIAL   MORPHOLOGY AND   FACIAL   INDEX:   A   STUDY   ON   SECULAR   TREND   OF   MEITEI   MALE   POPULATION   OF   BISHNUPUR   DISTRICT,   MANIPUR,   INDIA.    Int   J Anatomy Res 2016;4(4):3279-3283. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.461.
Type of Article: Original Research DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2016.461 Page No.:  3279-3283
FACIAL    MORPHOLOGY    AND    FACIAL    INDEX:    A    STUDY    ON    SECULAR    TREND    OF    MEITEI    MALE    POPULATION    OF BISHNUPUR DISTRICT, MANIPUR, INDIA Thoudam Bedita Devi 1 , Th. Naranbabu Singh 2 , S. Jibonkumar Singh * 3 , Binod Kumar Tamang 4 . 1  Tutor, Department of Anatomy, Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Tadong, Sikkim, India. 2  Professor, Department of Anatomy, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, Manipur, India. *3  Professor, Department of Anthropology- Manipur University, Canchipur, Imphal, Manipur, India. 4  Professor, Department of Anatomy Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Tadong, Sikkim, India. Address for Correspondence: Prof. S. Jibonkumar Singh, Department of Anthropology, Manipur University, Canchipur, Imphal. Manipur, India. E-Mail:  drjibonkumar@yahoo.com ABSTRACT Knowledge   of   facial   dimensions   is   important   in   evaluation   of   age,   sex,   and   racial   differences,   in   clinical   application   and   in   forensic   applications.   Therefore facial   measurements   have   been   used   by   numerous   researchers   particularly   anatomists,   forensic   scientists,   plastic   surgeons,   physical   anthropologists   to establish   standardized   mean   values   for   skeletal,   dental   and   soft   tissue   structures   as   well   as   for   classification   of   facial   morphology   of   different   populations. So   the   present   study   aims   at   studying   the   morphology   of   face   and   its   indices   of   Meitei   Male   population   with   a   view   to   find   out   the   secular   trend   if   there   be any.   The   study   was   conducted   on   100   Meitei   Males   of   Bishnupur   District,   Manipur   whose   age   ranged   from   20-60years.   Overall   findings   of   the   present   study show   that   the   present   generation   is   experiencing   a   secular   trend   of   increasing   Morphological   Facial   Height   and   decreasing   Breadth   of   Bizygomatic   Arch.   As for   the   Facial   Index,   a   positive   secular   trend   is   observed   in   both   Morphological   Facial   Index   and   Morphological   Upper   Facial   Index,   thereby   showing   a significant   difference   infrequency   percent   distribution   of   facial   index   between   the   present   and   past   generation.   A   tendency   from   mesoprosopic   towards leptoprosopic   is   observed   in   the   present   generation.   This   study   has   established   the   mean   facial   dimensions   of   Meitei   male   adults   of   Bishnupur   District, Manipur. KEY WORDS: Facial Dimensions, Morphological Upper Facial Height, Morphological Facial Height, Breadth of Bizygomatic Arch, Leptoprosopic (Long Face), Bishnupur. References 1 . Jeaneffe S. James, Leslic G  Karkas. Anthropometry of the face in lateral dysplasia. The unilateral form. Cleft Palase J . 1977;14:193-99. 2 . Sinnatamby C.S .Last’s Anatomy ,10th Edition, Harcort Publishers Ltd. 1999; 180. 3 . Moores, K.L and Dally A.F, Clinically oriented Anatomy. Fourth Edition. Lippincott William & Wilkin’s  1999;823-835. 4 . Williams   PL,   Bannister   LH,   Berry   MM,   Collins   P,Dyson   M,   Dussek   JE.Gray’s   Anatomy.   The   anatomical   basis   of   medicine   and   surgery   .38th   Ed.   New   York Churchill Livingstones. 2000. 5 . DJURASKOVIC .R. Sport’s medicine (third  revised editions), Publishing Centre of the Faculty of Sport and Physical Education ,University of Nis. 2009. 6 . Moore KL .Persaud TVN. The Developing Human 8th Ed. Saunders.2007;179-182. 7 . Baer, MJ. Dimensional changes in the human head and face in the third decade of life. Am J Phys Anthrop. 1956;14:557-576. 8 . Cem   E.   Cengiz   Y,   Hamdi   E;   Selim   D,Yasar   D.   Normative   values   of   craniofacial   measurements   inidiopathic   benign   microcephalic   children.    The   Cleft   Palate Journals. 2001;38(3):260-263. 9 . Brodie   AG,   Newman      H.   1947.   Reproduced   from   Mehta   O.P,   Gupta   D.S.   A   Study   of   Cephalometric   Appraisal   of   the   inheritance   of   Craniofacial   Pattern in Gorkhas.J Indian Soc Pedod Prevent Dent. 2008;120-124. 1 0 . Rexhepi A and Meka V. Cephalofacial Morphological characteristics of Albenian Kosovo Population.Int.J.Morphol. 2008;26(4);935-40. 1 1 . Tanner, J.M. Growth at Adolescence.  Oxford; Blackwell Scientific Publications. 1962. 1 2 . Jantz.R.L. Meadows Jantz. Secular change in Craniofacial Morphology. Am. J.HumBiol. 2001;12(3):327-338. 1 3 . Bhasin   M.K.Walter   H.Danker-Hopfe.H.   People   of   India.   An   Investigation   of   Biological   Variability   in   Ecological,   Ethno-Economic   and   Linguistic   Groups, Delhi; Kamla-Raj Enterprises. 1994. 1 4 . Bhasin M.K, Walter H. Genetics of Castes and Tribes of India. Delhi Kamla-Raj Enterprises. 2001. 1 5 . Weiner J.S.and Lourie J.A.. Human Biology, A Guide to Field Methods. IBP Handbook no.9. Blackwell Scientific Publication, Oxford. 1969. 1 6 . Labzelter and Saller A. Reproduced from Singh,I.P.and Bhasin M.K. Anthropometry. New Delhi:Bharti Bhavan, Kem Publishers. 1968. 1 7 . Singh S.J. Anthropological variations on the Meiteis of Manipur and Assam. Unpub.Ph.D Thesis. Manipur University. 1962. 1 8 . Budhi C. The Ethnonym “Meitei”:in   Manipur Past and Present Vol-1 ed.N. Sanajaoba: Mital Publications.Delhi . 1988; 72. 1 9 . Kanan U, Gandotra A, Desai A, Andani R. Variation in Facial index of Gujarati Males. A photometric study. Int J Med Health Sci. 2012 ; 1(4):64-65. 2 0 . Twisha   Shah,   Manish   B   Thaker,   Shobhane   K   Menon.   Assessment   of   Cephalic   and   Facial   Indices:   A   proof   for   ethnic   and   sexual   dimorphism.   J.   Forensic Science and Criminology. 2015;3(1):1-12. 2 1 . Burston , W.R.,W.J.Hamilton and D Greer Walker.  Symposium: Malformation of the face. Brit Dent. J., 1963;116:285-294. 2 2 . Gyenis G, Jouberk K. Socioeconomic determinants of anthropometric trends among Hungarian youth.   Eco Hum Biol. 2004;2:321-333. 2 3 . Angel J.L. A new measure of growth efficiency: Skull base height. Am J Phy Anthropol, 1982;58:297-305. 24. Cole T J. Secular trends in growth. Proc Nutr Soc. 2000;59:317-324.
Volume 4 |Issue 4.3 |  2016 Date of Publication:  31 December 2016