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How   to   cite   this   Article:    Sulabha   Hanumant      Deshpande,         Ashwini   Balasaheb   Nuchhi,         Vikas   Ramesh   Yatagiri,   Vijayendra      Narayan   Rao     Kulkarni.    STUDY   OF   PALMAR   DERMATOGLYPHICS   IN   PATIENTS   WITH   ECZEMA   IN   THE   AGE   GROUP   BETWEEN   20-50   YEARS   IN   BOTH   SEXES.   Int J Anatomy Res 2016;4(4):3227-3231. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.446.
Type of Article: Original Research DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2016.446 Page No.:  3227-3231
STUDY OF PALMAR DERMATOGLYPHICS IN PATIENTS WITH ECZEMA IN THE AGE GROUP BETWEEN 20-50 YEARS IN BOTH SEXES Sulabha Hanumant  Deshpande * 1 ,   Ashwini Balasaheb Nuchhi 2 ,   Vikas Ramesh Yatagiri 3 , Vijayendra  Narayan Rao  Kulkarni 4 . *1,2    MD   Anatomy,   Assistant   Professor,   Department   of   Anatomy,   BLDEU’s   Shri   B   M   Patil   Medical   College,   Hospital   Research   centre,   Vijayapura,   Karnataka, India. 3  Senior Resident, Department of  DVL, Al Ameen Medical College, Vijayapura. Karnataka, India. 4  MS Anatomy, Medical Superindtendent, Al Azhar Medical college, Cochin, India. Corresponding   Author:   Dr   Sulabha      Hanumant      Deshpande,   Assistant   professor      Department   of   AnatomyBLDEU’s   Shri   B   M   Patil   Medical   College,   Hospital Research centre, Vijayapura-03, Karnataka, Mobile no +919901665290 E-Mail:   drsulabhahd@gmail.com ABSTRACT Introduction:   The   word   eczema   seems   to   be   originated   in   543AD   and   is   derived   from   the   Greek   word      Ekzein   meaning   ‘to   boil   forth   or   to   effervesce”. Clinically,   acute   eczema   is   associated   with   marked   erythema,   superficial   papules      and   vesicles   which   easily   excoriate   and   lead   to   crusts.   Chronic   eczema   is composed   of   rather   faint   erythema,   infiltration   and   scaling.   Eczema   belongs   to   a   group   of   complex   disorders,   where   the   development   of   the   phenotype results   from   a   complex   interplay   of   different   susceptibility   genes   and   their   polymorphic   variants   with   environmental   factors.   Since   dermatoglyphic   traits   are genetically determined this study was done to identify a genetic marker for the disease and predicting the individuals chance of acquiring the disease. Materials   and   Methods:      The   present   study   was   carried   out   on   220   patients   of   eczema   and   150   normal   healthy   subjects.   Quantitative   and   qualitative analysis   were   done.   Arithmetic   mean   and   standard   deviation      were   calculated   for   quantitative   analysis,‘   Z’   test   was   applied.   the   ‘Chi’   square   test   was applied for qualitative analysis. Results:  We found statistically significant differences in certain parameters used for the study. Conclusion: These parameters may help us in identifying the individual susceptibility to acquire Eczema. KEY WORDS:   Dermatoglyphics, Eczema , Palmar,  Ridge count. References 1 . Bannister   LH,   Berry   MM,   Collins   P,   Dyson   M,   Dussek   JE,   Ferguson   MWJ.   Gray’s   Anatomy.   Integumental   system.38 th    ed.   NewYork:   Churchill   Livingstone; 2000.p.380. 2 . Holt SB. Significance of dermatoglyphics in medicine. Clinical pediatrics 1973;12:471-483. 3 . Holgate ST , Church MK,  Lichenstein LM.  Monogram  on Allergy. 3 rd  edition.  New Delhi:Elsivier;2008:p 107. 4 . Rook,Wilkinson,Ebling.   Eczema   ,lichenification   and      prurigo.In   :   Burton   JL,   Holden   CA.   Text   book   of   Dermatology.6 th    edition.   Oxford:   Blackwell   Science Ltd; 1998:629-30,633-634. 5 . Fuller IC. Dermatoglyphics: A Diagnostic aid ? J Med Genet 1973;10:165. 6 . Cure   research.com.   (Internet).   Statistics   by   country   for   eczema;   (Updated   on   2003   April   10   and   accessed   on   2009   sep21).   Available   from   www.Cure research.com/e/eczema/intro.htm. 7 . Rao TB. Textbook of community medicine. Prevention of communicable diseases. 1 st    ed .Hyderabad: Paras publications; 2004.p.218-229. 8 . Homestead.com (Internet). Ridges and Furrows; (Accessed on 2010 July 17 th  ) Available from http:// Homestead.com/friction-skin~ns4 html.  9 . Cummins’,    Historical    notes    on    Dermatoglyphics    From    Purkinje    to    Cummins    .In:Chrisc,    Plato,    GarrutoRM    .Studies    in    Human    Biology    Trends    in Dermatoglyphic  Research .Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers;1990:p.2-9 1 0 .  Brown SJ, McLean IWH, Eczema Genetics: Current State of Knowledge and Future Goals. J of Investigative Dermatology 2009;129:543-552. 1 1 . Vatsala   AR,   Mangala   HC   ,   Ajay   KT   ,   Naseema   B   ,Sangame.   Digito-   Palmar   Dermatoglyphic   study   in   eczema   patients   in   Davangere   District.   Int   J   Biol   Med Res. 2013;4(4):3565-3569. 1 2 . Pour   –Jafari   H,   Farhed   DD,   Yazdani   A,   Hashe   Mzadeh      CM.      Dermatoglyphics   in   patients   with   eczema,   psoriasis   and   alopecia   areata.      Skin   Res   Technol 2003;9:240-244. 1 3 . Cusumano D,  Berman B, Bershad  S. Dermatologlyphic Patterns in Patients  with atopic dermatitis.(abstract). 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Volume 4 |Issue 4.3 |  2016 Date of Publication:  31 December 2016