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How    to    cite    this    Article:     Geetharani    BG,    Betty    Anna    Jose,    Shashirekha    M,    Varsha    Mokhasi.     MORPHOLOGICAL    STUDY    OF    THE MENISCOFEMORAL LIGAMENTS.  Int J Anatomy Res 2016;4(4):3129-3133. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.418.
Type of Article: Original Research DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2016.418 Page No.:  3129-3133
MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF THE MENISCOFEMORAL LIGAMENTS Geetharani BG * 1 , Betty Anna Jose 1 , Shashirekha M 2 , Varsha Mokhasi 3 . *1  Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. 2 Professor, Department of Anatomy, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. 3  Professor and Head, Department of Anatomy, Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India Corresponding   author:   Dr.      Geetha   Rani   B.G,   Senior   tutor,   Department   of   Anatomy,   Vydehi   Institute   of   Medical   Sciences   and   Research   Centre,   Bengaluru   560066, Karnataka, India. E-Mail:  lalithgeetha246@gmail.com   ABSTRACT Background:    A   thorough   understanding   on   the   support   or   restraint   system   of   knee   joint   is   of   significant   importance   considering   the   stress   and   strain imparted   to   it   as   man   adopted   the   erect   posture   and   performed   various   movements   during   evolution.   The   main   support   of   knee   joint   is   formed   by collateral    and    cruciate    ligaments.    Secondary    supports    are    formed    by    meniscofemoral,    transverse    meniscal    and    coronary    ligaments.    This    study    is endeavoured to understand the meniscofemoral ligaments and their attachments in cadavers belonging to south Indian population.  Material   and   Methods:    This   study   was   conducted   in   the   Department   of   Anatomy,   Vydehi   institute   of   medical   sciences,   Bengaluru.   Knee   joints   were   studied in   40   human   adult   cadavers   aged   above   50   years.   Menisco   femoral   ligaments   and   cruciate   ligaments   were   dissected   and   exposed.   All   their   attachments, length and mid width measurements were noted. Results :   Anterior   menisco   femoral   ligament   alone   was   seen   in   12.5   %   of   knee   joints,   posterior   menisco   femoral   ligament   alone   was   seen   in   30   %   of   knee joints   and   both   ligaments   were   present   in   37.5%.   Both   ligaments   were   absent   in   20%   of   knee   joints.   Average   length   of   posterior   menisco   femoral   ligament was   2.02   centimetres   and   its   mid   width   was   0.95   centimetres.   Average   length   of   anterior   menisco   femoral   ligament   was   2.79   centimetres   and   its   width   was 1.27 centimetres. Posterior menisco femoral ligament was more prevalent and larger than anterior menisco femoral ligament in aged cadavers. Conclusions:    This   study   shows   the   predominance   of   posterior   meniscofemoral   ligaments   in   its   incidence   and   morphometrics   compared   to   anterior meniscofemoral   ligaments.   Meniscofemoral   ligaments   degenerate   with   age   and   among   them   anterior   meniscofemoral   ligaments   degenerate   earlier   than posterior meniscofemoral ligaments. KEY WORDS: Knee Joint, Meniscofemoral Ligament, Cruciate Ligament. References 1 . Amis   AA,   Gupte   CM,   Bull   AM,   Edwards   A.   Anatomy   of   the   posterior   cruciate   ligament   and   the   meniscofemoral   ligaments.   Knee   Surgery,   Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy. 2006 Mar 1;14(3):257-63. 2 . Gupte CM, Smith A, McDermott ID, Bull AM, Thomas RD, Amis AA. Meniscofemoral ligaments revisited. Bone & Joint Journal. 2002;84(6):846-51. 3 . 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Volume 4 |Issue 4.2 |  2016 Date of Publication:  30 November 2016