Quick Links
How to cite this Article:   Banani Deka, Rubi Saikia.   A STUDY OF HUMAN CADAVERIC URETER BY SIMPLE DISSECTION METHOD . Int J Anatomy Res 2016;4(4):3005-3008. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.393.
Type of Article: Original Research DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.16965/ijar.2016.393 Page No.:  3005-3008
A STUDY OF HUMAN CADAVERIC URETER BY SIMPLE DISSECTION METHOD Banani Deka * 1 , Rubi Saikia 2 . *1 Demonstrator, Department of Anatomy, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India. 2  Associate Professor ,  Department of Anatomy, Jorhat Medical College and Hospital, Jorhat, Assam, India. Correspondence   Address:    Dr.   Banani   Deka,   Demonstrator,   Department   of   Anatomy,   Gauhati   Medical   College   and   Hospital,   Guwahati,   Assam,   India.   E-Mail:   dekabanani12@gmail.com ABSTRACT Aim:       To   study   the   major   anatomical   variations   of   the   ureter   by   simple   dissection   method.   Materials   and   Methods:    Present   study   conducted   on   the   ureters collected   from   thirty   formalin   fixed   human   cadavers   by   simple   dissection   method.   The   ureters   were   followed   from   the   renal   pelvis   up   to   the   opening   into the urinary bladder. Some of the very important variations were observed during the study. Results:    Among   30   cadavers,   3(10%)   cadavers   presented   with   variations   of   the   renal   pelvis   and   ureter.3(5%)   nos.   of   specimens   showed   presence   of megaureter.1(1.67%)   specimen   presented   with   incomplete   duplication   of   ureter   (bifid   ureter)   at   renal   pelvis.   Of   these   2(3.3%)   specimens   were   unilateral and   2(3.3%)   specimens   were   observed   with   bilateral   variations   of   ureter.    Conclusion:    Knowledge   of   anatomical   variations   of   urinary   system   is   of   great importance as it can affect both the disease conditions as well as the interventional methods. KEY WORDS:  Ureter, Renal pelvis, Megaureter, Bifid Ureter, Incomplete and complete duplication of ureter, Duplex system, Unilateral, Bilateral. References 1 . Standring S. Gray’s Anatomy,40th Edn, Churchill Livingstone,Elsevier, 2012,1238-1243. 2 . Rahabu   Marwa   MORRO,   George   Joseph   LUFUKUJA,   Flora   M   FABIAN,      Bilateral   double   ureters   and   accessory   renal   vessels   in   a   Tanzanian   male   cadaver: a rare urinary system variation, International Journal of Anatomical Variations 2011;4:164-166. 3 . Moore K L, Persaud TVN. The Developing Human, Clinically Oriented Embryology, 8th Edn, New Delhi, Elsevier. 2011;244-245. 4 . Grant’s Dissector 15th Edn, Lippinkot Williams &Wilkins, New Delhi,2013:116-119. 5 . S ummers JE. V. Double ureter. Report of a nephrectomy done upon a young child with this condition present. Ann Surg. 1901;33:39-41. 6 . Asakawa M, Kubodera T, okamura Y, habara K , Ito H, Five cases of the double renal pelvis and ureter, Kaibogaku Zasshi,  1989 Jun;64(3):206-9 7 . Uetani N, Bouchard M.   Plumbing in the embryo: developmental defects of the urinary tracts.   Clin Genet   2009; 75 :307–17   [ PubMed ])   8 . Jayasekera    A,    Tempest    H,    Kumar    S.    An    H-shaped    complete    ureteric    duplication:    embryology    or    erosion.    BMJ    case    reports.    2011    Jun 9;2011:bcr0220113867. 9 . Privett JT, Jeans WD, Roylance J.   The incidence and importance of renal duplication. Clin Radiol   1976; 27 :521-30   [PubMed]. 1 0 . Cheng-Ju      Huang1,Peking,      China,1From      the      Department      of      Surgery,      Peking      Children's      Hospital,      Peking.       Journal      of      Paediatric Surgery,March1987;22(3):235-239. 1 1 . Hemal   A,   Ansari   M,   Doddamani   D,   Gupta   N.   Symptomatic   and   complicated   adult   and   adolescent   primary   obstructive   megaureter—indications   for surgery: analysis, outcome, and follow-up. Urology. 2003;61:703–7. 1 2 .     Mingming   Yu,    Geng    Ma,    Zheng    Ge,Rugang    Lu,   Yongji    Deng    and   Yunfei    Guo:    Unilateral    congenital    giant    megaureter    with    renal    dysplasia compressing   contralateral   ureter   and   causing   bilateral   hydronephrosis:   a   case   report   and   literature   review,    BMC   Urology   BMC   series   –   open, inclusive and trusted 201616:7 DOI: 10.1186/s12894-016-0125-y ©  Yu et al. 2016. 1 3 . Solinas   A1,   Pau   A,   Ayyoub   M,   Frongia   M,      Primary   obstructive   megaureter   in   adults:   management   strategy   in   a   young   woman.   Arch   Ital   Urol   Androl. 2010 Sep;82(3):192-4.  1 4 . Gatti JM. Ureteral Duplication,Ureteral Ectopia, and Ureterocele. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1017202-overview (accessed March 2011). 1 5 . Lee S, Kim W, Kang KP, Jeong YB, Kim YK, Jang YB, Park SK. Bilateral incomplete double ureters. Nephrol Dial Transplant,  2007;22:2720–2721 . 1 6 . Inamoto   K,   Tanaka   S,   Takemura   K,   Ikoma   F.   Duplication   of   the   renal   pelvis   and   ureter:   associated   anomalies   and   pathological   conditions.   Radiat   Med 1983; 1: 55–64. 1 7 . Ogawa   M1,    Morikawa   T1,    Toyoshima   T2,    Fukayama   M,   Squamous   cell   carcinoma   in   a   duplicated   renal   pelvis.   Int   J   Clin   Exp   Pathol.    2014   Oct 15;7(11):7957-61. e Collection 2014.
Volume 4 |Issue 4.1 |  2016 Date of Publication:  31 October 2016