Type of Article: Original Research
Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 3 | Page No. 2847-2849
Date of Publication: 30-09-2016
MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF ACCESSORY FORAMEN TRANSVERSARIUM IN DRY CERVICAL VERTEBRA AND ITS CLINICAL IMPORTANCE
Sanjay Vikani *1, Satish Patel 2, Kuldeep Suthar 3, Pankaj Maheria 4.
*1 Assistant Professor, Department Of Anatomy, GMERS Medical College, Dharpur, Patan, Gujarat, India.
2 Tutor, Department Of Anatomy, GMERS Medical College, Dharpur, Patan, Gujarat, India.
3 Assistant Professor, Department Of Anatomy, GMERS Medical College, Dharpur, Patan, Gujarat, India.
4 Associate Professor, Department Of Anatomy, GMERS Medical College, Dharpur, Patan, Gujarat, India.
Address: Dr. Sanjay Vikani, Assistant Professor, Department Of Anatomy, GMERS Medical College, Dharpur, Patan, Gujarat, India.
Background: There are seven cervical vertebras (C1-C7). The Foramen Transversarium present in Transverse Process is the identification feature of cervical vertebrae. Foramen Transversarium of C1 to C6 transmits the second part of vertebral artery, Sympathetic Nerve fibers & vertebral veins
Materials and Methods: Study conducted on total 150 dried Human cervical vertebra, of unknown age & sex. We examine each vertebrae macroscopically for presence of Foramen Transversarium either unilateral or bilateral as well as it is incomplete or complete.
Result: Out of 150 cervical vertebrae we found total 16(10.6%) vertebra had accessory Foramen Transversarium. among 16 vertebras there is unilateral Foramen Transversarium in 11(7.3%) & bilateral Foramen Transversarium in 5(3.3%).
Conclusion: This type of presence of Accessory Foramen Transversarium may indicate the vertebral arteries have different course variation. This knowledge is useful for Neurosurgeon in cervical surgery, as well for radiologist during CT, MRI like imaging.
KEY WORDS: Cervical Vertebra, Foramen Transversarium, Accessory Foramen Transversarium, Vertebral artery.
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Sanjay Vikani, Satish Patel, Kuldeep Suthar, Pankaj Maheria. MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF ACCESSORY FORAMEN TRANSVERSARIUM IN DRY CERVICAL VERTEBRA AND ITS CLINICAL IMPORTANCE. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(3):2847-2849. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.353