International Journal of Anatomy and Research

Welcome to International Journal of Anatomy and Research




Type of Article: Original Research

Year: 2016 | Volume 4 | Issue 3 | Page No. 2822-2827

Date of Publication: 30-09-2016



Swetha. B *1, Amarappa Nagalikar 2.

*1 Associate professor, Department of Anatomy, BGS Global Institute of Medical Sciences, Bengaluru. Karnataka, India.

2 Assistant Professor, Belagavi Institute of Medical Sciences, Belagavi, Karnataka, India.

Address: Dr. Swetha. B, Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, BGS Global Institute Of Medical Sciences, Bangaluru, Karnataka- 560060, India. Contact No: +91 9740123366.


Background: The course and variations of the vessels of the lower limbs have long received attention from anatomists and surgeons. It is surprising to note the present lack of clarity of description of profunda femoris artery branches. Some effort has been put to reexamine the origin, course, and distribution of the branches of profunda femoris in human cadavers.
Results: The average mean distance of the Profunda femoris artery was 5.3 cm. In majority specimens, profunda femoris originated from posterolateral/ posterior of femoral artery (67.5%). In Posterolateral origin, distance is almost same on both sides (52 mm) and 1 mm more in females (54mm- males).  In posteromedial/medial origin, distance is slightly more on right side and in males. (58.8mm-right, 54.7mm - left, 54.2mm- males and 52.5mm - females) Medial circumflex femoral artery originated maximally from the Profunda femoris (90 % extremities). Whereas in all specimens, Lateral circumflex femoral artery originated from the Profunda femoris only.
The average distance of the medial circumflex femoral artery from the origin of the Profunda femoris was 2mm more on left side (31mm- right). The internal diameter of Medial circumflex femoral artery is same on both sides- 3.4mm. In male Sex, diameter is slightly more (3.6mm – males, 2.8mm – females).
The distance of origin of the lateral circumflex femoral artery from the origin of the Profunda femoris was slightly more on left side (30.4mm - right and 35.2mm – left). The internal diameter is same on both sides and both sexes (44mm)  
17.5% Variations were observed. Statistically, the values were significant.
Conclusion: Differences in measurement pertaining to sides and sexes were observed slightly with respect to MCFA (Medial circumflex femoral artery ). Other findings were mimicking the previous studies. These findings and variations observed is of prime importance to the vascular surgeons and interventional radiologists to prevent inadvertent damage.
Key Words: Profunda Femoris Artery, Medial Circumflex Femoral Artery, Lateral Circumflex Femoral Artery, Femoral artery.


  1. W Henry Hollinshed, Buttock, Hip joint and Thigh, Anatomy for Surgeons. 3rd edition, Vol 3, Harper & Row publishers, Philadelphia; 1817:711.
  2. Susan Standring, Gray’s Anatomy; The anatomical Basis of Clinical practice, 40th edition, Elsivier Churchill Livingstone; 2005:1480.
  3. Moore KL, Lower limb, Clinically oriented anatomy. 6th edition. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore; 2010:555-556.
  4. Vasquez M T, Murillo J, Maranillo E, Parkin I, Sanudo J. Patterns of the circumflex femoral arteries revisited. Clinical Anat 2007; Mar20(2):180-185.
  5. Richard, M. Stillman. Infrainguinal Occlusive Disease. E Medicine from WebMed; [serial on line]; 2006: 8. [http//www.emedicine .com/med/topic 2719.htm].
  6. Bannister, L.H; Berry, M.M; Collins, P. Gray’s Anatomy. In: Cardiovascular system. 38th Edition. Churchill Livingstone, Medical Division of Longman Group, UK Ltd; 1995:1566-8.
  7. Snell, R.S. Clinical Anatomy of Medical Students. 4th Edition. Little Brown and Co. Boston; 1992:607. 
  8. Ronald A. Bergman, Adel K. Afifi, Ryosuke Miyauchi. Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation.  Opus II. Cardiovascular System, Arteries, Lower Limb: Medial and Lateral Femoral Circumflex Arteries; March 2015 [].
  9. Henry Hollinshed, Buttock, Hip joint and Thigh, Anatomy for Surgeons, 3rd edition, Volume-3, Harper & Row publishers, Philadelphia; 1817:711.
  10. Massoud TF, Fletcher EWL. Anatomical variants of the profunda femoris artery an angiographic study. Surgical and radiological anatomy1997;19(issue2):99-103.
  11. M Uzel, E Tanyeli , Yildirim M. Anatomical study of the origin of Lateral circumflex femoral  artery in Turkish population. Folia Morphol 2008; 67(4):226-30.
  12. Auburtin, G. Die beiden Arteriae circumflexae femoris des Menschen. Anat. Anz. 1905; 27:247-269. Anatomical Record. 10:361-70.
  13. Lipchutz, B.B. Studies on the blood vascular tree, 1, A composite study of the femoral artery. Anatomical Record. 1916; 10:361-70.
  14. Clarke, S. M. and Colborn, G. L. The medial femoral circumflex artery: Its clinical anatomy and nomenclature. Clinical Anatomy 1993; 6:94–105. [doi: 10.1002/ca.980060205E]
  15.  Tanyeli, M Yildirim, M Uzel & F Ural; Deep Femoral artery with 4 variations – A case report, Surg & Radiol Anat  2006; 28:2.
  16. William P C, David LD. The Profunda Femoris Artery: Variation in Clinical Applications. Clinical Anatomy [serial on line] 2005 Jan; 3(1):33-40.  [ CRETRY = 1.]


Swetha. B, Amarappa Nagalikar. STUDY OF PROFUNDA FEMORIS BRANCHING PATTERN IN HUMAN CADAVERS. Int J Anat Res 2016;4(3):2822-2827. DOI: 10.16965/ijar.2016.345




Volume 1 (2013)

Volume 2 (2014)

Volume 3 (2015)

Volume 4 (2016)

Submit Manuscript